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Author Ahmed, Kamran A. ♦ Caudell, Jimmy J. ♦ El-Haddad, Ghassan ♦ Berglund, Anders E. ♦ Welsh, Eric A. ♦ Yue, Binglin ♦ Hoffe, Sarah E. ♦ Naghavi, Arash O. ♦ Abuodeh, Yazan A. ♦ Frakes, Jessica M. ♦ Eschrich, Steven A. ♦ Torres-Roca, Javier F.
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Language English
Subject Keyword RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE ♦ HISTOLOGY ♦ LIVER ♦ MAMMARY GLANDS ♦ NEOPLASMS ♦ PANCREAS ♦ RADIATION DOSES ♦ RADIOSENSITIVITY ♦ RADIOTHERAPY
Abstract Purpose/Objectives: Evidence from the management of oligometastases with stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) reveals differences in outcomes based on primary histology. We have previously identified a multigene expression index for tumor radiosensitivity (RSI) with validation in multiple independent cohorts. In this study, we assessed RSI in liver metastases and assessed our clinical outcomes after SBRT based on primary histology. Methods and Materials: Patients were identified from our prospective, observational protocol. The previously tested RSI 10 gene assay was run on samples and calculated using the published algorithm. An independent cohort of 33 patients with 38 liver metastases treated with SBRT was used for clinical correlation. Results: A total of 372 unique metastatic liver lesions were identified for inclusion from our prospective, institutional metadata pool. The most common primary histologies for liver metastases were colorectal adenocarcinoma (n=314, 84.4%), breast adenocarcinoma (n=12, 3.2%), and pancreas neuroendocrine (n=11, 3%). There were significant differences in RSI of liver metastases based on histology. The median RSIs for liver metastases in descending order of radioresistance were gastrointestinal stromal tumor (0.57), melanoma (0.53), colorectal neuroendocrine (0.46), pancreas neuroendocrine (0.44), colorectal adenocarcinoma (0.43), breast adenocarcinoma (0.35), lung adenocarcinoma (0.31), pancreas adenocarcinoma (0.27), anal squamous cell cancer (0.22), and small intestine neuroendocrine (0.21) (P<.0001). The 12-month and 24-month Kaplan-Meier rates of local control (LC) for colorectal lesions from the independent clinical cohort were 79% and 59%, compared with 100% for noncolorectal lesions (P=.019), respectively. Conclusions: In this analysis, we found significant differences based on primary histology. This study suggests that primary histology may be an important factor to consider in SBRT radiation dose selection.
ISSN 03603016
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2016-08-01
Publisher Place United States
Journal International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology and Physics
Volume Number 95
Issue Number 5


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