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Author Lewis, Jeffrey ♦ Martel, Richard ♦ Trépanier, Luc ♦ Ampleman, Guy ♦ Thiboutot, Sonia
Source World Health Organization (WHO)-Global Index Medicus
Content type Text
Publisher American Society of Agronomy
File Format HTM / HTML
Language English
Difficulty Level Medium
Subject Domain (in DDC) Social sciences ♦ Social problems & services; associations ♦ Social welfare problems & services ♦ Natural sciences & mathematics ♦ Chemistry & allied sciences ♦ Life sciences; biology ♦ Physiology & related subjects ♦ Biochemistry ♦ Technology ♦ Medicine & health ♦ Human physiology ♦ Personal health & safety ♦ Pharmacology and therapeutics ♦ Diseases ♦ Agriculture & related technologies ♦ Techniques, equipment & materials ♦ Manufacture for specific uses ♦ Precision instruments & other devices
Subject Domain (in MeSH) Chemical Actions and Uses ♦ Chemicals and Drugs ♦ Investigative Techniques ♦ Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment ♦ Physical Phenomena ♦ Biological Phenomena ♦ Biological Sciences ♦ Technology, Industry, and Agriculture ♦ Technology and Food and Beverages ♦ Environment and Public Health ♦ Health Care
Subject Keyword Discipline Environmental Health ♦ Bombs ♦ Equipment Failure ♦ Explosive Agents ♦ Analysis ♦ Water Pollution, Chemical ♦ Fresh Water ♦ Geologic Sediments ♦ Journal Article ♦ Research Support, Non-u.s. Gov't
Abstract Dissolved explosive species have been found in the groundwater under military training areas. These explosives are thought to originate from munitions although the mechanism of transport to the groundwater is poorly understood. This study was conducted to determine whether ruptured unexploded ordnance may be a viable source term for these explosives. The rupturing effect of one 81 mm-mortar exploding in close proximity to another 81-mm mortar was observed and the resulting contaminants were collected. These contaminants were then subjected to leaching experiments on repacked, jack drill compacted unsaturated sediment columns in a climate controlled laboratory. The mortars which were exposed to nearby explosions were shown to be susceptible to rupturing rather than sympathetically detonating under certain conditions. The ruptured mortars released up to 166+/-2 g of pulverized explosive residues (largely Composition B) and the results from the subsequent leaching tests showed that this explosive residue is highly mobile in unsaturated sandy soil. Up to 4.45+/-1.00 g of dissolved explosive contamination was transported through the unsaturated soil columns during the first year of infiltration. The results indicate the mass of transported explosive residue dissolved in the leachate was primarily caused by the preferential dissolution of explosive contaminants having a grain size under 0.125 mm. Surface or near-surface unexploded ordnance (UXO) on live fire ranges may therefore be significant sources of explosive environmental contamination after they have been exposed to other rounds which explode nearby.
Description Country affiliation: Canada
Author Affiliation: Lewis J ( Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique-Centre Eau, Terre et Environnement, Québec City, Quebec, Canada. jeffrey.lewis@foi.se)
ISSN 00472425
Educational Role Student ♦ Teacher
Age Range above 22 year
Educational Use Reading ♦ Research ♦ Self Learning
Interactivity Type Expositive
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2009-11-01
Publisher Place United States
e-ISSN 15372537
Journal Journal of Environment Quality
Volume Number 38
Issue Number 6


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Source: WHO-Global Index Medicus