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Author Vitter, Jeffrey Scott
Source ACM Digital Library
Content type Text
Publisher Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©1987
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Computer science, information & general works ♦ Data processing & computer science
Abstract A new one-pass algorithm for constructing dynamic Huffman codes is introduced and analyzed. We also analyze the one-pass algorithm due to Faller, Gallager, and Knuth. In each algorithm, both the sender and the receiver maintain equivalent dynamically varying Huffman trees, and the coding is done in real time. We show that the number of bits used by the new algorithm to encode a message containing $\textit{t}$ letters is < $\textit{t}$ bits more than that used by the conventional two-pass Huffman scheme, independent of the alphabet size. This is best possible in the worst case, for any one-pass Huffman method. Tight upper and lower bounds are derived. Empirical tests show that the encodings produced by the new algorithm are shorter than those of the other one-pass algorithm and, except for long messages, are shorter than those of the two-pass method. The new algorithm is well suited for on-line encoding/decoding in data networks and for tile compression.
ISSN 00045411
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 1987-10-01
Publisher Place New York
e-ISSN 1557735X
Journal Journal of the ACM (JACM)
Volume Number 34
Issue Number 4
Page Count 21
Starting Page 825
Ending Page 845

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Source: ACM Digital Library