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Author Aisyah, Wan Jusoh Wan Nurul ♦ Hemagowsalya, Subramaniam ♦ Sannasi, Palsan
Source Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
Content type Text
Publisher EDP Sciences
File Format PDF
Date Created 2016-12-15
Copyright Year ©2017
Language English ♦ French
Subject Domain (in LCC) TA1-2040
Subject Keyword Engineering (General) ♦ Technology ♦ Civil engineering (General)
Abstract This paper reports the first ever characterization of the use of raw Garden Croton (locally known as ‘pokok puding’) leaf powder as low cost biomaterial for Cr(VI) removal. Biosorption experiments were carried out at ambient temperature to study the effects of initial pH (1-7), contact time (15, 30, 45, 60 min), leaf powder’s particle size (≤ 150, 151-300, 301-500 μm), and initial Cr(VI) concentrations (10, 20, 40, 60, 80 and 100 mg/L) towards Cr(VI) uptake. Optimum Cr(VI) uptake was observed at pH 1 (2.41 mg/g) and 2 (2.19 mg/g) (p > 0.05). The leaf powder in the 151-300 μm size displayed better Cr(VI) uptake up to 2.77 mg/g (77.78%; Co = 100 mg/L) at pH 2, after 30 min (p < 0.05). Equilibrium metal uptake fitted best (R2 = 0.927) to the Freundlich isotherm model (Kf = 0.21 mg/g, n = 1.23) indicating biosorption onto a heterogeneous surface of active sites. Morphological and elemental analyses by SEM/EDX and FTIR confirmed Cr retention, and presence of active chemical moieties. Interestingly, XRD revealed that Cr was immobilized within the biomass leaf powder in both forms, i.e. hexavalent, Cr(VI) as chromatite (CaCrO4) and trivalent Cr(III), as chromium(III) oxide (Cr2O3). Overall findings support the feasibility of the leaf powder as potential biomaterial for water pollution abatement.
ISSN 2261236X
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG ♦ Career/Technical Study
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2017-01-01
e-ISSN 2261236X
Journal MATEC Web of Conferences
Volume Number 87
Starting Page 03003


Source: Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)