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Author Stober, J. ♦ Bock, A. ♦ Höhnle, H. ♦ Reich, M. ♦ Sommer, F. ♦ Treutterer, W. ♦ Wagner, D. ♦ Gianone, L. ♦ Herrmann, A. ♦ Leuterer, F. ♦ Monaco, F. ♦ Marascheck, M. ♦ Mlynek, A. ♦ Müller, S. ♦ Münich, M. ♦ Poli, E. ♦ Schubert, M. ♦ Schütz, H. ♦ Zohm, H. ♦ Kasparek, W. ♦ Stroth, U. ♦ Meier, A. ♦ Scherer, Th. ♦ Strauβ, D. ♦ Vaccaro, A. ♦ Flamm, J. ♦ Thumm, M. ♦ Litvak, A. ♦ Denisov, G.G. ♦ Chirkov, A.V. ♦ Tai, E.M. ♦ Popov, L.G. ♦ Nichiporenko, V.O. ♦ Myasnikov, V.E. ♦ Soluyanova, E.A. ♦ Malygin, S.A.
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Copyright Year ©2012
Abstract The ASDEX Upgrade (AUG) ECRH system now delivers a total of 3.9 MW to the plasma at 140 GHz. Three new units are capable of 2-frequency operation and may heat the plasma alternatively with 2.1 MW at 105 GHz. The system is routinely used with X2, O2, and X3 schemes. For Bt = 3.2 T also an ITER-like O1-scheme can be run using 105 GHz. The new launchers are capable of fast poloidal movements necessary for real-time control of the location of power deposition. Here real-time control of NTMs is summarized, which requires a fast analysis of massive data streams (ECE and Mirnov correlation) and extensive calculations (equilibria, ray-tracing). These were implemented at AUG using a modular concept of standardized real-time diagnostics. The new realtime capabilities have also been used during O2 heating to keep the first reflection of the non-absorbed beam fraction on the holographic reflector tile which ensures a well defined second pass of the beam through the central plasma. Sensors for the beam position are fast thermocouples at the edge of the reflector tile. The enhanced ECRH power was used for several physics studies related to the unique feature of pure electron heating without fueling and without momentum input. As an example the effect of the variation of the heating mix in moderately heated H-modes is demonstrated using the three available heating systems, i.e. ECRH, ICRH and NBI. Keeping the total input power constant, strong effects are seen on the rotation, but none on the pedestal parameters. Also global quantities as the stored energy are hardly modified. Still it is found that the central ion temperature drops as the ECRH fraction exceeds a certain threshold.
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2012-01-01
Journal EPJ Web of Conferences
Issue Number 32