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Author Ajtai, Miklos ♦ Burns, Randal ♦ Fagin, Ronald ♦ Long, Darrell D E ♦ Stockmeyer, Larry
Source ACM Digital Library
Content type Text
Publisher Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2002
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Computer science, information & general works ♦ Data processing & computer science
Subject Keyword Delta compression ♦ Differencing ♦ Differential compression
Abstract The subject of this article is differential compression, the algorithmic task of finding common strings between versions of data and using them to encode one version compactly by describing it as a set of changes from its companion. A main goal of this work is to present new differencing algorithms that (i) operate at a fine granularity (the atomic unit of change), (ii) make no assumptions about the format or alignment of input data, and (iii) in practice use linear time, use constant space, and give good compression. We present new algorithms, which do not always compress optimally but use considerably less time or space than existing algorithms. One new algorithm runs in $\textit{O}(\textit{n})$ time and $\textit{O}(1)$ space in the worst case (where each unit of space contains [log $\textit{n}]$ bits), as compared to algorithms that run in $\textit{O}(\textit{n})$ time and $\textit{O}(\textit{n})$ space or in $O(n^{2})$ time and $\textit{O}(1)$ space. We introduce two new techniques for differential compression and apply these to give additional algorithms that improve compression and time performance. We experimentally explore the properties of our algorithms by running them on actual versioned data. Finally, we present theoretical results that limit the compression power of differencing algorithms that are restricted to making only a single pass over the data.
ISSN 00045411
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2002-05-01
Publisher Place New York
e-ISSN 1557735X
Journal Journal of the ACM (JACM)
Volume Number 49
Issue Number 3
Page Count 50
Starting Page 318
Ending Page 367


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Source: ACM Digital Library