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Author Tarighi Ahmadpour, Mahdi ♦ Rostamnejadi, Ali ♦ Hashemifar, S. Javad
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Language English
Subject Keyword CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS ♦ CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY ♦ ABSORPTION ♦ CARBON NANOTUBES ♦ DENSITY FUNCTIONAL METHOD ♦ ELECTROMAGNETIC PULSES ♦ ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE ♦ EXCITED STATES ♦ GROUND STATES ♦ LENGTH ♦ MAGNETIC PROPERTIES ♦ MAGNETIZATION ♦ OPTICAL PROPERTIES ♦ TIME DEPENDENCE
Abstract We use density functional computations to study the zero temperature structural, electronic, magnetic, and optical properties of (5,0) finite carbon nanotubes (FCNT), with length in the range of 4–44 Å. It is found that the structural and electronic properties of (5,0) FCNTs, in the ground state, converge at a length of about 30 Å, while the excited state properties exhibit long-range edge effects. We discuss that curvature effects enhance energy gap of FCNTs, in contrast to the known trend in the periodic limit. It is seen that compensation of curvature effects in two special small sizes may give rise to spontaneous magnetization. The obtained cohesive energies provide some insights into the effects of environment on the growth of FCNTs. The second-order difference of the total energies reveals an important magic size of about 15 Å. The optical and dynamical magnetic responses of the FCNTs to polarized electromagnetic pulses are studied by time dependent density functional theory. The results show that the static and dynamic magnetic properties mainly come from the edge carbon atoms. The optical absorption properties are described in terms of local field effects and characterized by Casida linear response method.
ISSN 00218979
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2016-07-07
Publisher Place United States
Journal Journal of Applied Physics
Volume Number 120
Issue Number 1


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