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Author Angrist, Joshua D. ♦ Lavy, Victor ♦ Schlosser, Analía
Source EconStor
Content type Text
Publisher Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
File Format PDF
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Social sciences ♦ Economics
Subject Keyword fertility ♦ quantity-quality trade-offs ♦ instrumental variables ♦ Familienplanung ♦ Kinder ♦ Bildungsniveau ♦ Bildungsinvestition ♦ Humankapital ♦ Wohlfahrtseffekt ♦ Einkommensverteilung ♦ Statistische Methode ♦ Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth ♦ Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity ♦ Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
Abstract A longstanding question in the economics of the family is the relationship between sibship size and subsequent human capital formation and economic welfare. If there is a causal quantity-quality tradeoff, then policies that discourage large families should lead to increased human capital, higher earnings, and, at the macro level, promote economic development. Ordinary least squares regression estimates and a large theoretical literature suggest that this is indeed the case. This paper presents new evidence on the child-quantity/child-quality trade-off. Our empirical strategy exploits exogenous variation in family size due to twin births and preferences for a mixed sibling-sex composition, as well as ethnic differences in the effects of these variables and preferences for male births in some ethnic groups. We use these sources of variation to look at the causal effect of family size on completed educational attainment, fertility, and earnings. For the purposes of this analysis, we constructed a unique matched data set linking Israeli Census data with information on the demographic structure of families drawn from a population registry. Our results show no evidence of a quantity-quality trade-off, though some estimates from one subsample suggest that first-born girls from large families marry sooner.
Part of series IZA Discussion Papers x2075
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2006-01-01
Publisher Place Bonn
Rights Holder