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Author Maimaiti, Yasheng ♦ Siebert, William Stanley
Source EconStor
Content type Text
Publisher Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
File Format PDF
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Social sciences ♦ Economics
Subject Keyword Education ♦ gender gaps ♦ menarche ♦ water ♦ China ♦ Frauenbildung ♦ Geschlechterdiskriminierung ♦ Hygiene ♦ Wasserversorgung ♦ Ländlicher Raum ♦ China ♦ Analysis of Education ♦ Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination ♦ Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration ♦ Gas Utilities; Pipelines; Water Utilities ♦ Renewable Resources and Conservation: Water
Abstract We investigate girls' school dropout rates, bringing forward a novel variable: access to water. We hypothesise that a girl's education suffers when her greater water need for female hygiene purposes after menarche is not met because her household has poor access to water. For testing we use data from rural villages in the China Health and Nutrition Survey. We find that menarche is associated with an increase in the school dropout rate, and indeed the effect is weaker for girls who have good access to water. Water engineering can thus contribute significantly to reducing gender education gaps in rural areas.
Part of series IZA Discussion Papers x4108
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2009-01-01
Publisher Place Bonn
Rights Holder