|Author||Rotta, Randolf ♦ Noack, Andreas|
|Source||ACM Digital Library|
|Publisher||Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)|
|Subject Domain (in DDC)||Computer science, information & general works ♦ Computer programming, programs & data|
|Subject Keyword||Graph clustering ♦ Local search ♦ Modularity ♦ Multilevel ♦ Refinement|
|Abstract||Modularity is a widely used quality measure for graph clusterings. Its exact maximization is NP-hard and prohibitively expensive for large graphs. Popular heuristics first perform a coarsening phase, where local search starting from singleton clusters is used to compute a preliminary clustering, and then optionally a refinement phase, where this clustering is improved by moving vertices between clusters. As a generalization, multilevel heuristics coarsen in several stages, and refine by moving entire clusters from each of these stages, not only individual vertices. This article organizes existing and new single-level and multilevel heuristics into a coherent design space, and compares them experimentally with respect to their effectiveness (achieved modularity) and runtime. For coarsening by iterated cluster joining, it turns out that the most widely used criterion for joining clusters (modularity increase) is outperformed by other simple criteria, that a recent multistep algorithm [Schuetz and Caflisch 2008] is no improvement over simple single-step coarsening for these criteria, and that the recent multilevel coarsening by iterated vertex moving [Blondel et al. 2008] is somewhat faster but slightly less effective (with refinement). The new multilevel refinement is significantly more effective than the conventional single-level refinement or no refinement, in reasonable runtime. A comparison with published benchmark results and algorithm implementations shows that multilevel local search heuristics, despite their relative simplicity, are competitive with the best algorithms in the literature.|
|Age Range||18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year|
|Education Level||UG and PG|
|Learning Resource Type||Article|
|Publisher Place||New York|
|Journal||Journal of Experimental Algorithmics (JEA)|
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