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Author Haran, Idit ♦ Halperin, Dan
Source ACM Digital Library
Content type Text
Publisher Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2009
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Computer science, information & general works ♦ Computer programming, programs & data
Subject Keyword CGAL ♦ Point location ♦ Arrangements ♦ Computational geometry ♦ Generic programming
Abstract We study the performance in practice of various point-location algorithms implemented in CGAL (the Computational Geometry Algorithms Library), including a newly devised $\textit{landmarks}$ algorithm. Among the other algorithms studied are: a naïve approach, a “walk along a line” strategy, and a trapezoidal decomposition-based search structure. The current implementation addresses general arrangements of planar curves, including arrangements of nonlinear segments (e.g., conic arcs) and allows for degenerate input (for example, more than two curves intersecting in a single point or overlapping curves). The algorithms use exact geometric computation and thus result in the correct point location. In our landmarks algorithm (a.k.a. jump & walk), special points, ““landmarks,” are chosen in a preprocessing stage, their place in the arrangement is found, and they are inserted into a data structure that enables efficient nearest-neighbor search. Given a query point, the nearest landmark is located and a “walk” strategy is applied from the landmark to the query point. We report on various experiments with arrangements composed of line segments or conic arcs. The results indicate that compared to the other algorithms tested, the landmarks approach is the most efficient, when the overall (amortized) cost of a query is taken into account, combining both preprocessing and query time. The simplicity of the algorithm enables an almost straightforward implementation and rather easy maintenance. The generic programming implementation allows versatility both in the selected type of landmarks and in the choice of the nearest-neighbor search structure. The end result is an efficient point-location algorithm that bypasses the alternative CGAL implementations in most practical aspects.
ISSN 10846654
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2009-02-01
Publisher Place New York
e-ISSN 10846654
Journal Journal of Experimental Algorithmics (JEA)
Volume Number 13
Page Count 30
Starting Page 2.3
Ending Page 2.32

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Source: ACM Digital Library