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Author Kim, Ki Hyun ♦ Hyun, Jae Min
Source J-STAGE
Content type Text
Publisher The Society of Chemical Engineers, Japan
Language English
Subject Keyword Buoyant convection ♦ Porous medium ♦ Scale analysis ♦ Cavity ♦ Gravity imposition
Abstract Transient buoyant convection in a rectangular cavity, filled with a fluid-saturated porous medium, is considered. The Brinkman-extended Darcy flow model is adopted. The vertical sidewalls are at two different temperatures, and the horizontal endwalls are thermally insulated. At the initial state, the fluid is motionless and under zero-gravity, and the conduction-controlled horizontally-linear temperature profile prevails. At t = 0, the gravity g = goj is imposed on the system, and the flow is initiated. An order-of-magnitude analysis is performed. Numerical solutions are secured over broad ranges of nondimensional parameters. Similarly to the pure-fluid model of Kim and Hyun (2003), due to the presence of the pre-existing cavity-scale horizontal temperature gradient, bulk flows occur in much of the interior core at early times. As time approaches the steady state, the initial horizontally-linear temperature profile decays, and cavity-scale bulk flows weaken. Considerations are focused on the influence of the porous-medium on the transient flow. When $ε^{-1/2}Ra^{1/2}Da$ is relatively high, the Darcy-term effect is meager, and transient behavior of the present porous system recovers that of pure-fluid model. As $ε^{-1/2}Ra^{1/2}Da$ is decreased, the Darcy-term effect becomes significant over the bulk flow period and for the steady state. Detailed evolutionary flow patterns are illustrated in various parameter spaces.
Learning Resource Type Proceeding ♦ Article
Publisher Date 2004-01-01
Organization The Society of Chemical Engineers, Japan
Page Count 1
Starting Page 1029
Ending Page 1029


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