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Author Sarpong, Doris ♦ Akweongo, Patricia ♦ Adjei, Alexander ♦ Awini, Elizabeth ♦ Narh, Solomon ♦ Odonkor, Gabriel ♦ Manyeh, Alfred Kwesi ♦ Kukula, Vida ♦ Adongo, Philip ♦ Gyapong, Margaret ♦ Amu, Alberta
Source Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
Content type Text
Publisher Taylor & Francis Group
File Format PDF
Date Created 2014-11-03
Copyright Year ©2014
Language English
Subject Domain (in LCC) RA1-1270
Subject Keyword Health and Demographic Surveillance System ♦ InterVA-4 ♦ Public aspects of medicine ♦ Verbal autopsy ♦ Adults ♦ Medicine ♦ Cause of death ♦ Dodowa ♦ Ghana
Abstract Background: Data needed to estimate causes of death and the pattern of these deaths are scarce in sub-Saharan Africa. Such data are very important for targeting, monitoring, and evaluating health interventions. Objective: To estimate the mortality rate and determine causes of death among adults (aged 15 years and older) in a rural district of southern Ghana, using the InterVA-4 model. Design: Data used were generated from verbal autopsies conducted for registered adult members of the Dodowa Health and Demographic Surveillance System who died between 2006 and 2010. The InterVA-4 model was used to assign the cause of death. Results: Overall, the mortality rate for the period under review was 7.5/1,000 person-years (py) for the general population and 10.4/1,000 py for those aged 15 and older. The leading cause of death was communicable diseases (CDs), with a malaria-specific mortality rate of 1.06/1,000 py. Pulmonary tuberculosis (TB)-specific mortality rate was the next highest (1.01/1,000 py). HIV/AIDS attributed deaths were lower among males than females. Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) contributed to 28.3% of the deaths with cause-specific mortality rate of 2.93/1,000 py. Stroke topped the list with cause-specific mortality rate of 0.69/1,000 py. As expected, young males (15–49 years) contributed to more road traffic accident (RTA) deaths; they had a lower RTA cause-specific mortality rate than older males (50–64 years). Conclusions: Data indicate that CDs (e.g. malaria and TB) remain the major cause of death with NCDs (e.g. stroke) following closely behind. Verbal autopsy data can provide the causes of mortality in poorly resourced settings where access to timely and accurate data is scarce.
ISSN 16549880
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG ♦ Career/Technical Study
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2014-10-01
e-ISSN 16549880
Journal Global Health Action
Volume Number 7
Page Count 8
Starting Page 1
Ending Page 8


Source: Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)