Thumbnail
Access Restriction
Open

Author Gabarron, Elia ♦ Wynn, Rolf
Source Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
Content type Text
Publisher Taylor & Francis Group
File Format PDF
Date Created 2016-09-20
Copyright Year ©2016
Language English
Subject Domain (in LCC) RA1-1270
Subject Keyword Health education ♦ Sexual health ♦ Sexually transmitted infections ♦ Public aspects of medicine ♦ Medicine ♦ Health promotion ♦ Social media ♦ Social networking sites
Abstract Background: In order to prevent sexually transmitted infections (STIs), the World Health Organization recommends educating people on sexual health. With more than 2 billion active users worldwide, online social media potentially represent powerful channels for health promotion, including sexual health. Objective: To review the scientific literature on the use of online social media for sexual health promotion. Design: A search was conducted of scientific and medical databases, and grey literature was also included. The selected publications were classified according to their study designs, sexual health promotion main subject, target audience age, and social media use. Results: Fifty-one publications were included; 4 publications presenting randomized intervention studies, 39 non-randomized intervention studies, and 8 observational studies. In 29 publications (56.9%), the main subject of the sexual health promotion was ‘general’ or to increase STI testing. Thirty publications (58.8%) specifically focused on youth or young people (aged 11–29 years). Fourteen publications that used social media either as unique channels for sexual health promotion interventions or as a tool supporting the sexual health promotion reported an effect on behavior (27%), and two of those studies found a reduction in the number of positive chlamydia and gonorrhea cases linked to social media intervention. Forty-four publications (86.3%) involved Facebook in some way. Conclusions: Although billions of people worldwide actively use social media, we identified only 51 publications on the use of social media for promoting sexual health. About a quarter of the publications have identified promising results, and the evidence for positive effects of social media interventions for promoting sexual health is increasing. There is a need for more studies that explicitly discuss their theoretical framework, and that have strong research designs, in order to further increase the evidence base of the field.
ISSN 16549880
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG ♦ Career/Technical Study
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2016-09-01
e-ISSN 16549880
Journal Global Health Action
Volume Number 9
Page Count 18
Starting Page 1
Ending Page 18


Source: Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)