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Author Safira, Nabila ♦ Anggraeni, Tjandra
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Language English
Subject Keyword ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES ♦ ABSORPTION ♦ ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY ♦ ABUNDANCE ♦ CONCENTRATION RATIO ♦ CORRELATIONS ♦ ECOLOGICAL CONCENTRATION ♦ ENVIRONMENT ♦ ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS ♦ FORAGE ♦ FORESTS ♦ GRAPHITE ♦ HYMENOPTERA ♦ JAVA ♦ LEAD
Abstract Several studies had shown that lead (Pb) in the environment could accumulate in bees, which in turn could affect the quality of the resulting product. In this study, forager stingless bees (Trigona sp.) and its product (propolis) collected from a stingless bees apiculture. This apiculture had two apiary sites which were distinguished by its environmental setting. Apiary site in Cilutung had a forest region environmental setting, while apiary site in Maribaya was located beside the main road. The objective of this study was to determine the extent of lead concentration in propolis originated from both apiary sites and establish the correlation between lead concentration in propolis and lead level in forager stingless bees. Forager bees and propolis samples were originated from 50 bees colonies (Cilutung) and 44 bees colonies (Maribaya). They were analyzed using AAS-GF (Atomic Absorption Spectrometre–Graphite Furnace) to determine the level of lead concentration. The results showed that the average level of lead in propolis originated from Cilutung (298.08±73.71 ppb) was lower than the average level of lead in forager bees which originated from Maribaya (330.64±156.34 ppb). However, these values did not show significant difference (p>0.05). There was no significant difference (p>0.05) between the average level of lead in forager bees which originated from Cilutung (118.08±30.46 ppb) and Maribaya (128.82±39.66 ppb). However, these values did not show significant difference (p>0.05). In conclusion, the average level of lead concentration in propolis in both sites had passed the maximum permission standard of lead for food in Indonesia. There was no correlation between lead concentration in propolis and forager stingless bees.
ISSN 0094243X
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2015-09-30
Publisher Place United States
Volume Number 1677
Issue Number 1


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