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Author Wu, Pei-Chi ♦ Dutkiewicz, Ewelina P. ♦ Urban, Pawel L.
Source J-STAGE
Content type Text
Publisher The Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
Language English
Subject Keyword Chemical analysis ♦ chromatography ♦ extraction ♦ mass spectrometry ♦ microdroplets ♦ sample preparation ♦ volatiles
Abstract The purpose of analytical extractions is to simplify sample matrix without losing analyte molecules. Here we present a technique of extracting volatile compounds by scavenging gas-phase molecules with tiny liquid droplets (<10 μm). A cool mist of the extracting solvent is generated by an ultrasonic transducer, transferred to the headspace of the sample chamber under atmospheric conditions, and pushed by a small pressure difference toward a condenser. By slowly passing over the sample, the microdroplets extract volatile species present in the sample headspace, and they coalesce in a cooled zone. The condensed liquid is collected for analysis by direct infusion mass spectrometry or chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry. Due to the high surface-to-volume ratio of the microdroplets, the mist depletes a great share of the volatile organics present in the headspace. Other advantages of cool mist scavenging include: selective extraction of gas-phase molecules, the extracting solvent can be miscible with the sample solvent, simplicity, high speed, and no requirement for heating that could potentially decompose the sample. In this study, cool mist scavenging was first tested on artificial samples containing esters. The relationship between the sample concentration and the extract concentration was verified theoretically and experimentally. Some of the possible confounding effects were tested and discussed. The technique was subsequently applied to qualitative analysis of selected complex samples in liquid and solid phase as well as an esterification reaction.
ISSN 09106340
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2017-10-10
e-ISSN 13482246
Journal Analytical Sciences(analsci)
Volume Number 33
Issue Number 10
Page Count 7
Starting Page 1161
Ending Page 1167


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