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Author Papkova, Elena A.
Source Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
Content type Text
Publisher A.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences
File Format HTM / HTML
Date Created 2018-03-29
Copyright Year ©2016
Language English ♦ French ♦ Russian
Subject Domain (in LCC) PN1-6790
Subject Keyword Society of Peasants Writers ♦ “kulak poets ♦ Ideological setups ♦ Literary studies ♦ ” VOKP Fund in the IWL archive collection ♦ Periodization
Abstract The essay focuses on the Society of Peasants Writers (hereafter referred as VOKP) that changed a number of names in the course of its existence — All-Russian Peasants’ Union of Writers (1921–1925), All-Russian Society of Peasant Writers (1925–1930), All-Russian Association of Proletarian and Kolkhoz writers (1931), and Russian society of Proletarian and Kolkhoz Writers (1931–1932). Its main objective was the implementation of the state program for the “village reconstruction” (Vladimir Lenin) in the spirit of “raskrestyanivanie” [de-peasant-ring]. IWL archives (fund 156) contain rich materials on the history of the two periods of VOKP’s activity, its agendas as well as evidence of its creative and ideological work with aspiring village writers. In the first period, 1921–1927, the Society rendered real help to peasants, primarily in literary studies, within the framework of the so called struggle against the peasantry ignorance. After 1927, albeit VOKP was extended, the activity of the Society concentrated on the crusade against the kulak and petty-bourgeois ideology. While the All-Russian Peasants’ Union of Writers was being transformed into the Russian Society of Proletarian and Kolkhoz Writers, the Society tried to decide who was a “true” or “genuine” peasant writer and who therefore had the right to instruct beginners. The work of «kulak poets» such as S. A. Yesenin and N. A. Klyuyev was no longer considered appropriate for the poetical education of younger people. Drawing on the reviews of the poetical works from the VOKP fund, the essay seeks to understand how the Society evaluated ideology and aesthetics of these works, what kind of advice and recommendations it gave to the authors and eventually what were the criteria for publication and for the VOKP membership. The article argues that conformity to the so called Proletarian and Kolkhoz ideology was becoming into the defining principle of evaluation and acceptance. Letters and manuscripts sent by peasant writers’ to VOKP, however, tell a different story. They reflect thoughts and ideas expressed by the dwellers of Soviet villages, communes, and collective farms of the 1920’s — early 1930’s and show that their authors did not share many aspects of the state policy.
ISSN 25004247
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG ♦ Career/Technical Study
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2016-12-01
e-ISSN 25004247
Journal Studia Litterarum
Volume Number 1
Issue Number 3-4
Page Count 20
Starting Page 399
Ending Page 418


Source: Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)