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Author Lueker, George S.
Source ACM Digital Library
Content type Text
Publisher Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2009
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Computer science, information & general works ♦ Data processing & computer science
Subject Keyword Arratia-Steele conjecture ♦ Longest common subsequences ♦ Average-case analysis ♦ Dynamic programming
Abstract It has long been known [Chvátal and Sankoff 1975] that the average length of the longest common subsequence of two random strings of length $\textit{n}$ over an alphabet of size $\textit{k}$ is asymptotic to $γ_{k}n$ for some constant $γ_{k}$ depending on $\textit{k}.$ The value of these constants remains unknown, and a number of papers have proved upper and lower bounds on them. We discuss techniques, involving numerical calculations with recurrences on many variables, for determining lower and upper bounds on these constants. To our knowledge, the previous best-known lower and upper bounds for $γ_{2}$ were those of Dančík and Paterson, approximately 0.773911 and 0.837623 [Dančík 1994; Dančík and Paterson 1995]. We improve these to 0.788071 and 0.826280. This upper bound is less than the $γ_{2}$ given by Steele's old conjecture (see Steele [1997, page 3]) that $γ_{2}$ = 2/(1 + &sqrt;2)≈ 0.828427. (As Steele points out, experimental evidence had already suggested that this conjectured value was too high.) Finally, we show that the upper bound technique described here could be used to produce, for any $\textit{k},$ a sequence of upper bounds converging to $γ_{k},$ though the computation time grows very quickly as better bounds are guaranteed.
ISSN 00045411
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2009-05-01
Publisher Place New York
e-ISSN 1557735X
Journal Journal of the ACM (JACM)
Volume Number 56
Issue Number 3
Page Count 38
Starting Page 1
Ending Page 38


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Source: ACM Digital Library