Thumbnail
Access Restriction
Open

Author Panwar, Chhagan ♦ Vyas, B. M.
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Language English
Subject Keyword ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES ♦ GEOSCIENCES ♦ AEROSOLS ♦ AIR POLLUTION ♦ CONCENTRATION RATIO ♦ DESERTS ♦ DISTRIBUTION FUNCTIONS ♦ DUSTS ♦ INDIA ♦ INFRARED SPECTRA ♦ MINERALS ♦ MONSOONS ♦ PARTICLE SIZE ♦ PARTICLES ♦ RADIOMETERS ♦ SEASONAL VARIATIONS ♦ SEASONS ♦ ULTRAVIOLET SPECTRA ♦ VISIBLE SPECTRA
Abstract The first ever experimental results over Indian Thar Desert region concerning to height integrated aerosols size distribution function in particles size ranging between 0.09 to 2 µm such as, aerosols columnar size distribution (CSD), effective radius (R{sub eff}), integrated content of total aerosols (N{sub t}), columnar content of accumulation and coarse size aerosols particles concentration (N{sub a}) (size < 0.5 µm) and (N{sub c}) (size between 0.5 to 2 µm) have been described specifically during winter (a stable weather condition and intense anthropogenic pollution activity period) and pre-monsoon (intense dust storms of natural mineral aerosols as well as unstable atmospheric weather condition period) at Jaisalmer (26.90°N, 69.90°E, 220 m above surface level (asl)) located in central Thar desert vicinity of western Indian site. The CSD and various derived other aerosols size parameters are retrieved from their average spectral characteristics of Aerosol Optical Thickness (AOT) from UV to Infrared wavelength spectrum measured from Multi-Wavelength solar Radiometer (MWR). The natures of CSD are, in general, bio-modal character, instead of uniformly distributed character and power law distributions. The observed primary peaks in CSD plots are seen around about 10{sup 13} m{sup 2} μm{sup −1} at radius range 0.09-0.20 µm during both the seasons. But, in winter months, secondary peaks of relatively lower CSD values of 10{sup 10} to 10{sup 11} m{sup 2}/μm{sup −1} occur within a lower radius size range 0.4 to 0.6 µm. In contrast to this, while in dust dominated and hot season, the dominated secondary maxima of the higher CSD of about 10{sup 12} m{sup 2}μm{sup −3} is found of bigger aerosols size particles in a rage of 0.6 to 1.0 µm which is clearly demonstrating the characteristics of higher aerosols laden of bigger size aerosols in summer months relative to their prevailed lower aerosols loading of smaller size aerosols particles (0.4 to 0.6 µm) in cold months. Several other interesting features of changing nature of monthly spectral AOT, R{sub eff}, N{sub t}, N{sub a} and N{sub C} (particles/m{sup 2}) have been discussed in detail in this paper.
ISSN 0094243X
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2016-05-06
Publisher Place United States
Volume Number 1728
Issue Number 1


Open content in new tab

   Open content in new tab