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Author Gast, Volker ♦ König, Ekkehard ♦ Moyse-Faurie, Claire
Source Hyper Articles en Ligne (HAL)
Content type Text
Publisher Düsseldorf university press
File Format PDF
Language English
Subject Keyword verbs of physical impact ♦ verbs of eating and drinking ♦ lexical comparison ♦ semantics ♦ shs ♦ Humanities and Social Sciences/Linguistics
Abstract In this contribution we propose a framework for the cross-linguistic comparison of verbal meanings (event descriptions) and their lexicalization patterns which is more of the second type distinguished above, insofar as it focuses on differences in the degrees of semantic differentiations made in specific domains of meaning. The central questions to be addressed are the following: What aspects or components of verbal meanings are typically lexicalized across languages? What differentiations are found, and what types of generalizations we can make? The study is programmatic insofar as it points out possible avenues for future typological research, rather than presenting well-founded cross-linguistic generalizations. We start with some theoretical background assumptions that are needed for a lexical typology of verb meanings (Section 2). In Sections 3 and 4, we present some case studies, i.e., comparisons of verbal inventories for the domains of eating and drinking (Section 3), and for verbs of physical impact (Section 4), i.e., verbs of killing, beating and cutting. Section 5 contains some thoughts on possible explanations for the patterns and limits of variation that we can observe. Section 6 contains a summary and the conclusions.
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2014-01-01
Publisher Place Düsseldorf
Issue Number 1
Page Count 39
Starting Page 145
Ending Page 183