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Author Uchida, Makoto ♦ Fukuoka, Yuko ♦ Sugawara, Yasushi ♦ Ohara, Hideo ♦ Ohta, Akira
Sponsorship USDOE
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Language English
Subject Keyword DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION ♦ SOLID ELECTROLYTE FUEL CELLS ♦ ELECTROCATALYSTS ♦ CHEMICAL PREPARATION ♦ PLATINUM ♦ CARBON ♦ CATALYST SUPPORTS ♦ MICROSTRUCTURE ♦ PERFORMANCE
Abstract The authors have previously reported a preparation process for the catalyst layer of polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs) using perfluorosulfonate ionomer (PFSI) colloid. In this paper they report recent improvements in this method of preparation. In the present method, a carbon-supported platinum catalyst (Pt-C) was mixed with poor solvent for PFSI, and PFSI solution was added to this mixture. The colloidal PFSI formed was immediately adsorbed on Pt-C without coagulation. As a result, the reaction area was increased, the internal resistance was decreased, and the gaseous reactants were more readily supplied to the reaction area. The authors also studied the influence of the carbon support on the microstructure of the catalyst layer. They have found that the performance of a PEFC prepared by this process with optimum carbon support and with very low platinum loading (0.1 mg/cm{sup 2}) was superior to that prepared by the previous process with conventional carbon support and with a 0.5 mg/cm{sup 2} platinum loading.
ISSN 00134651
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 1998-11-01
Publisher Place United States
Journal Journal of the Electrochemical Society
Volume Number 145
Issue Number 11


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