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Author Taleei, Reza ♦ Guan, Fada ♦ Peeler, Chris ♦ Patel, Darshana ♦ Mirkovic, Dragan ♦ Mohan, Radhe ♦ Titt, Uwe ♦ Bronk, Lawrence ♦ Grosshans, David R.
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Language English
Subject Keyword RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE ♦ RADIATION PROTECTION AND DOSIMETRY ♦ BRAGG CURVE ♦ COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION ♦ DEPTH DOSE DISTRIBUTIONS ♦ ENERGY ABSORPTION ♦ ENERGY LOSSES ♦ ENERGY SPECTRA ♦ EVALUATION ♦ HELIUM 3 ♦ MEV RANGE 01-10 ♦ MONTE CARLO METHOD ♦ PHANTOMS ♦ PROSTATE ♦ RADIATION DOSES ♦ RADIOTHERAPY ♦ RBE
Abstract Purpose: {sup 3}He ions may hold great potential for clinical therapy because of both their physical and biological properties. In this study, the authors investigated the physical properties, i.e., the depth-dose curves from primary and secondary particles, and the energy distributions of helium ({sup 3}He) ions. A relative biological effectiveness (RBE) model was applied to assess the biological effectiveness on survival of multiple cell lines. Methods: In light of the lack of experimental measurements and cross sections, the authors used Monte Carlo methods to study the energy deposition of {sup 3}He ions. The transport of {sup 3}He ions in water was simulated by using three Monte Carlo codes—FLUKA, GEANT4, and MCNPX—for incident beams with Gaussian energy distributions with average energies of 527 and 699 MeV and a full width at half maximum of 3.3 MeV in both cases. The RBE of each was evaluated by using the repair-misrepair-fixation model. In all of the simulations with each of the three Monte Carlo codes, the same geometry and primary beam parameters were used. Results: Energy deposition as a function of depth and energy spectra with high resolution was calculated on the central axis of the beam. Secondary proton dose from the primary {sup 3}He beams was predicted quite differently by the three Monte Carlo systems. The predictions differed by as much as a factor of 2. Microdosimetric parameters such as dose mean lineal energy (y{sub D}), frequency mean lineal energy (y{sub F}), and frequency mean specific energy (z{sub F}) were used to characterize the radiation beam quality at four depths of the Bragg curve. Calculated RBE values were close to 1 at the entrance, reached on average 1.8 and 1.6 for prostate and head and neck cancer cell lines at the Bragg peak for both energies, but showed some variations between the different Monte Carlo codes. Conclusions: Although the Monte Carlo codes provided different results in energy deposition and especially in secondary particle production (most of the differences between the three codes were observed close to the Bragg peak, where the energy spectrum broadens), the results in terms of RBE were generally similar.
ISSN 00942405
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2016-02-15
Publisher Place United States
Journal Medical Physics
Volume Number 43
Issue Number 2


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