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Author Fagin, Ronald ♦ Nash, Alan
Source ACM Digital Library
Content type Text
Publisher Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2010
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Computer science, information & general works ♦ Data processing & computer science
Subject Keyword Schema mapping ♦ Chase ♦ Data exchange ♦ Data integration ♦ Dependencies ♦ Essential atom ♦ Essential conjunction ♦ Inverse ♦ Model management
Abstract A schema mapping is a specification that describes how data structured under one schema (the source schema) is to be transformed into data structured under a different schema (the target schema). The notion of an inverse of a schema mapping is subtle, because a schema mapping may associate many target instances with each source instance, and many source instances with each target instance. In PODS 2006, Fagin defined a notion of the inverse of a schema mapping. This notion is tailored to the types of schema mappings that commonly arise in practice (those specified by “source-to-target tuple-generating dependencies”, or s-t tgds). We resolve the key open problem of the complexity of deciding whether there is an inverse. We also explore a number of interesting questions, including: What is the structure of an inverse? When is the inverse unique? How many nonequivalent inverses can there be? When does an inverse have an inverse? How big must an inverse be? Surprisingly, these questions are all interrelated. We show that for schema mappings M specified by $\textit{full}$ s-t tgds (those with no existential quantifiers), if M has an inverse, then it has a polynomial-size inverse of a particularly nice form, and there is a polynomial-time algorithm for generating it. We introduce the notion of “essential conjunctions” (or “essential atoms” in the full case), and show that they play a crucial role in the study of inverses. We use them to give greatly simplified proofs of some known results about inverses. What emerges is a much deeper understanding about this fundamental and complex operator.
ISSN 00045411
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2010-11-05
Publisher Place New York
e-ISSN 1557735X
Journal Journal of the ACM (JACM)
Volume Number 57
Issue Number 6
Page Count 57
Starting Page 1
Ending Page 57


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Source: ACM Digital Library