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Author Demirjian, Y. A. ♦ Westman, T. R. ♦ Joshi, A. M. ♦ Rop, D. J. ♦ Buhl, R. V. ♦ Clark, W. R.
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Language English
Subject Keyword ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES ♦ GROUND WATER ♦ MONITORING ♦ SEWAGE SLUDGE ♦ ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS ♦ GROUND DISPOSAL ♦ SOILS ♦ CADMIUM ♦ COPPER ♦ ENVIRONMENTAL TRANSPORT ♦ EXPERIMENTAL DATA ♦ FEASIBILITY STUDIES ♦ IRRIGATION ♦ LEAD ♦ NICKEL ♦ WASTE WATER ♦ ZINC ♦ DATA ♦ ELEMENTS ♦ HYDROGEN COMPOUNDS ♦ INFORMATION ♦ LIQUID WASTES ♦ MANAGEMENT ♦ MASS TRANSFER ♦ METALS ♦ NUMERICAL DATA ♦ OXYGEN COMPOUNDS ♦ SEWAGE ♦ SLUDGES ♦ TRANSITION ELEMENTS ♦ WASTE DISPOSAL ♦ WASTE MANAGEMENT ♦ WASTES ♦ WATER 520200* -- Environment, Aquatic-- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport-- (-1989) ♦ Environment, TerrestrialChemicals Monitoring & Transport(-1989)
Abstract A large-scale field experiment was conducted to test the feasibility of land application of sludge from industrial and domestic wastewater treatment to determine the fate and environmental impact of the contaminants. The sludge contained 13 organic priority pollutants, 16 additional environmentally significant organic compounds, and high concentrations of several metals (zinc, copper, lead, nickel, and cadmium). Each compound was monitored as the irrigation water percolated through the soil and the groundwater over time. Most of the organic compounds diminished to non-detectable levels by the end of the study, and the metals proved harmless to the environment. The effectiveness of land application of sludge with wastewater irrigation was clearly demonstrated. 1 figure, 11 tables.
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 1984-04-01
Publisher Place United States
Journal J. - Water Pollut. Control Fed.
Volume Number 56
Issue Number 4
Organization Muskegon County Wastewater Management System, MI


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