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Author Bell, Colin ♦ Nerode, Anil ♦ Ng, Raymond T. ♦ Subrahmanian, V. S.
Source ACM Digital Library
Content type Text
Publisher Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©1994
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Computer science, information & general works ♦ Data processing & computer science
Subject Keyword Deductive databases ♦ Logic programming ♦ Nonmonotonic reasoning ♦ Operations research
Abstract Though the declarative semantics of both explicit and nonmonotonic negation in logic programs has been studied extensively, relatively little work has been done on computation and implementation of these semantics. In this paper, we study three different approaches to computing stable models of logic programs based on mixed integer linear programming methods for automated deduction introduced by R. Jeroslow. We subsequently discuss the relative efficiency of these algorithms. The results of experiments with a prototype compiler implemented by us tend to confirm our theoretical discussion. In contrast to resolution, the mixed integer programming methodology is both fully declarative and handles reuse of old computations gracefully.We also introduce, compare, implement, and experiment with linear constraints corresponding to four semantics for “explicit” negation in logic programs: the four-valued annotated semantics [Blair and Subrahmanian 1989], the Gelfond-Lifschitz semantics [1990], the over-determined models [Grant and Subrahmanian 1989], the Gelfond-Lifschitz semantics [1990], the over-determined models [Grant and Subrahmanian 1990], and the classical logic semantics. Gelfond and Lifschitz[1990] argue for simultaneous use of two modes of negation in logic programs, “classical” and “nonmonotonic,” so we give algorithms for computing “answer sets” for such logic programs too.
ISSN 00045411
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 1994-11-01
Publisher Place New York
e-ISSN 1557735X
Journal Journal of the ACM (JACM)
Volume Number 41
Issue Number 6
Page Count 38
Starting Page 1178
Ending Page 1215


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Source: ACM Digital Library