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Author Akinbami, Lara J. ♦ Simon, Alan E. ♦ Schoendorf, Kenneth C.
Source World Health Organization (WHO)-Global Index Medicus
Content type Text
Publisher Taylor & Francis
File Format HTM / HTML
Language English
Difficulty Level Medium
Subject Domain (in DDC) Natural sciences & mathematics ♦ Life sciences; biology ♦ Natural history of organisms ♦ Technology ♦ Medicine & health ♦ Diseases ♦ Manufacture for specific uses ♦ Precision instruments & other devices
Subject Domain (in MeSH) Eukaryota ♦ Organisms ♦ Respiratory Tract Diseases ♦ Immune System Diseases ♦ Diseases ♦ Investigative Techniques ♦ Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment ♦ Persons ♦ Persons ♦ Geographic Locations ♦ Geographic Locations
Subject Keyword Discipline Pulmonology ♦ Asthma ♦ Complications ♦ Epidemiology ♦ Hypersensitivity ♦ Adolescent ♦ Child ♦ Child, Preschool ♦ Female ♦ Humans ♦ Infant ♦ Male ♦ Prevalence ♦ United States ♦ Journal Article
Abstract OBJECTIVES: Children with asthma and allergies--particularly food and/or multiple allergies-are at risk for adverse asthma outcomes. This analysis describes allergy prevalence trends among US children by asthma status. METHODS: We analyzed 2001-2013 National Health Interview Survey data for children aged 0-17 years. We estimated trends for reported respiratory, food, and skin allergy and the percentage of children with one, two, or all three allergy types by asthma status. We estimated unadjusted trends, and among children with asthma, adjusted associations between demographic characteristics and allergy. RESULTS: Prevalence of any allergy increased by 0.3 percentage points annually among children without asthma but not among children with asthma. However, underlying patterns changed among children with asthma: food and skin allergy prevalence increased as did the percentage with all three allergy types. Among children with asthma, risk was higher among younger and non-Hispanic black children for reported skin allergy, among non-Hispanic white children for reported respiratory allergy, and among non-poor children for food and respiratory allergies. Prevalence of having one allergy type decreased by 0.50 percentage points annually, while the percent with all three types increased 0.2 percentage points annually. Non-poor and non-Hispanic white children with asthma were more likely to have multiple allergy types. CONCLUSIONS: While overall allergy prevalence among children with asthma remained stable, patterns in reported allergy type and number suggested a greater proportion may be at risk of adverse asthma outcomes associated with allergy: food allergy increased as did the percentage with all three allergy types.
Spatial Coverage United States
Description Country affiliation: United States
Author Affiliation: Akinbami LJ ( a National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , Hyattsville , MD , USA .); Simon AE ( b US Public Health Service , Rockville , MD , USA , and.); Schoendorf KC ( a National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , Hyattsville , MD , USA .)
ISSN 02770903
Educational Role Student ♦ Teacher
Age Range above 22 year
Educational Use Reading ♦ Research ♦ Self Learning
Interactivity Type Expositive
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2016-01-01
Publisher Place Great Britain (UK)
e-ISSN 15324303
Journal Journal of Asthma
Volume Number 53
Issue Number 4

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Source: WHO-Global Index Medicus