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Author Saks, Michael ♦ Srinivasan, Aravind ♦ Zhou, Shiyu
Source ACM Digital Library
Content type Text
Publisher Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©1998
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Computer science, information & general works ♦ Data processing & computer science
Subject Keyword Derandomization ♦ Expander graphs ♦ Explicit constructions ♦ Hardness of approximation ♦ Hashing lemmas ♦ Imperfect sources of randomness ♦ Measures of information ♦ Pseudo-random generators ♦ Randomized computation ♦ Time-space tradeoffs
Abstract An (N, M, T)-OR-disperser is a bipartite multigraph $\textit{G}=(\textit{V,$ W, E) with $|\textit{V}|$ = $\textit{N},$ and $|\textit{W}|$ = $\textit{M},$ having the following expansion property: any subset of $\textit{V}$ having at least $\textit{T}$ vertices has a neighbor set of size at least $\textit{M}/2.$ For any pair of constants &xgr;, λ, 1 ≥ &xgr; > λ ≥ 0, any sufficiently large $\textit{N},$ and for any $\textit{T}$ ≥ $2(log\textit{N})$ $\textit{M}$ ≤ 2(log $\textit{N})λ,$ we give an explicit elementary construction of an (N, M, T)-OR-disperser such that the out-degree of any vertex in $\textit{V}$ is at most polylogarithmic in $\textit{N}.$ Using this with known applications of OR-dispersers yields several results. First, our construction implies that the complexity class Strong-RP defined by Sipser, equals RP. Second, for any fixed &eegr; > 0, we give the first polynomial-time simulation of RP algorithms using the output of any “&eegr;-minimally random” source. For any integral $\textit{R}$ > 0, such a source accepts a single request for an $\textit{R}-bit$ string and generates the string according to a distribution that assigns probability at most 2™R&eegr; to any string. It is minimally random in the sense that any weaker source is insufficient to do a black-box polynomial-time simulation of RP algorithms.
ISSN 00045411
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 1998-01-01
Publisher Place New York
e-ISSN 1557735X
Journal Journal of the ACM (JACM)
Volume Number 45
Issue Number 1
Page Count 32
Starting Page 123
Ending Page 154


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Source: ACM Digital Library