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Author Wright, Amanda J. ♦ Gallagher, Kimberly ♦ Smith, Laurie G.
Source World Health Organization (WHO)-Global Index Medicus
Content type Text
Publisher American Society of Plant Biologists
File Format HTM / HTML
Language English
Difficulty Level Medium
Subject Domain (in DDC) Computer science, information & general works ♦ Library & information sciences ♦ Natural sciences & mathematics ♦ Chemistry & allied sciences ♦ Life sciences; biology ♦ Physiology & related subjects ♦ Biochemistry ♦ Genetics and evolution ♦ Natural history of organisms ♦ Technology ♦ Medicine & health ♦ Human anatomy, cytology, histology ♦ Human physiology ♦ Pharmacology and therapeutics ♦ Diseases ♦ Manufacture for specific uses ♦ Precision instruments & other devices
Subject Domain (in MeSH) Cells ♦ Plant Structures ♦ Anatomy ♦ Eukaryota ♦ Organisms ♦ Macromolecular Substances ♦ Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins ♦ Nucleic Acids, Nucleotides, and Nucleosides ♦ Chemicals and Drugs ♦ Investigative Techniques ♦ Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment ♦ Cell Physiological Phenomena ♦ Genetic Phenomena ♦ Biological Sciences ♦ Information Science ♦ Information Science
Subject Keyword Discipline Botany ♦ Cell Wall ♦ Metabolism ♦ Cytokinesis ♦ Genetics ♦ Plant Proteins ♦ Zea Mays ♦ Cloning, Molecular ♦ Molecular Sequence Data ♦ Mutation ♦ Phenotype ♦ Plant Epidermis ♦ Cytology ♦ Rna, Plant ♦ Tubulin ♦ Growth & Development ♦ Journal Article ♦ Research Support, N.i.h., Extramural ♦ Research Support, Non-u.s. Gov't
Abstract In plants, cell wall placement during cytokinesis is determined by the position of the preprophase band (PPB) and the subsequent expansion of the phragmoplast, which deposits the new cell wall, to the cortical division site delineated by the PPB. New cell walls are often incorrectly oriented during asymmetric cell divisions in the leaf epidermis of maize (Zea mays) discordia1 (dcd1) mutants, and this defect is associated with aberrant PPB formation in asymmetrically dividing cells. dcd1 was cloned and encodes a putative B'' regulatory subunit of the PP2A phosphatase complex highly similar to Arabidopsis thaliana FASS/TONNEAU2, which is required for PPB formation. We also identified alternative discordia1 (add1), a second gene in maize nearly identical to dcd1. While loss of add1 function does not produce a noticeable phenotype, knock down of both genes in add1(RNAi) dcd1(RNAi) plants prevents PPB formation and causes misorientation of symmetric and asymmetric cell divisions. Immunolocalization studies with an antibody that recognizes both DCD1 and ADD1 showed that these proteins colocalize with PPBs and remain at the cortical division site through metaphase. Our results indicate that DCD1 and ADD1 function in PPB formation, that this function is more critical in asymmetrically dividing cells than in symmetrically dividing cells, and that DCD1/ADD1 may have other roles in addition to promoting PPB formation at the cortical division site.
Description Country affiliation: United States
Author Affiliation: Wright AJ ( Section of Cell and Developmental Biology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093-0116, USA.
ISSN 10404651
Educational Role Student ♦ Teacher
Age Range above 22 year
Educational Use Reading ♦ Research ♦ Self Learning
Interactivity Type Expositive
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2009-01-01
Publisher Place United States
e-ISSN 1531298X
Volume Number 21
Issue Number 1

Source: WHO-Global Index Medicus