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Author Gemenetzis, George ♦ Gourgiotis, Stavros ♦ Aravosita, Paraskevi ♦ Mystakelli, Christina ♦ Aloizos, Stavros
Source World Health Organization (WHO)-Global Index Medicus
Content type Text
Publisher Elsevier
File Format HTM / HTML
Language English
Difficulty Level Medium
Subject Domain (in DDC) Natural sciences & mathematics ♦ Life sciences; biology ♦ Physiology & related subjects ♦ Natural history of organisms ♦ Technology ♦ Medicine & health ♦ Human physiology ♦ Diseases ♦ Gynecology, obstetrics, pediatrics & geriatrics ♦ Manufacture for specific uses ♦ Precision instruments & other devices
Subject Domain (in MeSH) Eukaryota ♦ Organisms ♦ Female Urogenital Diseases and Pregnancy Complications ♦ Cardiovascular Diseases ♦ Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms ♦ Diseases ♦ Diagnosis ♦ Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment ♦ Reproductive and Urinary Physiological Phenomena ♦ Biological Sciences ♦ Persons ♦ Persons
Subject Keyword Discipline Emergency ♦ Discipline Medicine ♦ Hypovolemia ♦ Diagnosis ♦ Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy ♦ Abortion, Spontaneous ♦ Adult ♦ Diagnosis, Differential ♦ Echocardiography ♦ Female ♦ Humans ♦ Etiology ♦ Therapy ♦ Pregnancy ♦ Tomography, X-ray Computed ♦ Case Reports ♦ Journal Article
Abstract Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TCM) is an underrecognized transient left ventricular dysfunction that mimics clinically an acute coronary syndrome. It has been linked to emotional stress and several clinical entities that provoke a catecholamine surge in the blood stream. We investigated the case of a young female patient who was admitted to the intensive care unit after a significant blood loss due to miscarriage. The patient was fully monitored and was treated for the hypovolemia. A dramatic aggravation of her clinical status was directly linked to the appearance of TCM 1 hour after her admission. This study sought to assess the appearance of TCM in a hypovolemic patient. We found no reports in the literature linking these 2 clinical entities. The blood loss and the pathophysiology of hypovolemia, especially through the excess of catecholamines that are released in the blood stream, seem to provoke the appearance of a subclinical form of TCM. As a result, TCM worsened further the general condition of the patient. There is a high possibility that TCM and hypovolemia can be closely related, and therefore, the treatment of hypovolemia can be adjusted to new standards. Because it has already been proved that TCM can be induced by emotional stress and various pathological entities, further investigations are necessary.
Description Country affiliation: Greece
Author Affiliation: Gemenetzis G ( Intensive Care Unit, Mitera Obstetric & Gynecologic Hospital, Athens, Greece.)
ISSN 07356757
Educational Role Student ♦ Teacher
Age Range above 22 year
Educational Use Reading ♦ Research ♦ Self Learning
Interactivity Type Expositive
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article ♦ Case study
Publisher Date 2013-01-01
Publisher Place United States
e-ISSN 15328171
Journal The American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Volume Number 31
Issue Number 1

Source: WHO-Global Index Medicus