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Author Kadambi, Pooja ♦ Hart, Kimberly W. ♦ Adeoye, Opeolu M. ♦ Lindsell, Christopher J. ♦ Knight, William A.
Source World Health Organization (WHO)-Global Index Medicus
Content type Text
Publisher Elsevier
File Format HTM / HTML
Language English
Difficulty Level Medium
Subject Domain (in DDC) Social sciences ♦ Social problems & services; associations ♦ Social welfare problems & services ♦ Natural sciences & mathematics ♦ Life sciences; biology ♦ Physiology & related subjects ♦ Natural history of organisms ♦ Technology ♦ Medicine & health ♦ Human physiology ♦ Diseases ♦ Manufacture for specific uses ♦ Precision instruments & other devices
Subject Domain (in MeSH) Eukaryota ♦ Organisms ♦ Nervous System Diseases ♦ Diseases ♦ Diagnosis ♦ Investigative Techniques ♦ Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment ♦ Physical Phenomena ♦ Biological Sciences ♦ Persons ♦ Persons ♦ Health Care Facilities, Manpower, and Services ♦ Health Care
Subject Keyword Discipline Emergency ♦ Discipline Medicine ♦ Electroencephalography ♦ Emergency Service, Hospital ♦ Seizures ♦ Diagnosis ♦ Status Epilepticus ♦ Diagnosis, Differential ♦ Female ♦ Humans ♦ Male ♦ Middle Aged ♦ Retrospective Studies ♦ Time Factors ♦ Journal Article ♦ Research Support, N.i.h., Extramural
Abstract BACKGROUND: Status epilepticus is a life-threatening, time-sensitive emergency. Acquiring an electroencephalogram (EEG) in the emergency department (ED) could impact therapeutic and disposition decisions for patients with suspected status epilepticus. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to estimate the proportion of EEGs diagnostic for seizures in patients presenting to an ED with a complaint of seizures. METHODS: This retrospective chart review included adults presenting to the ED of an urban, academic, tertiary care hospital with suspected seizures or status epilepticus, who received an EEG within 24 hours of hospital admission. Data abstraction was performed by a single, trained, nonblinded abstractor. Seizures were defined as an epileptologist's diagnosis of either seizures or status epilepticus on EEG. The proportion of patients with seizures is given with confidence interval95 (CI95). RESULTS: Of 120 included patients, 67 (56%) had a history of epilepsy. Mean age was 52 years (SD, 16), 58% were White, and 61% were male. Within 24 hours, 3% had an EEG diagnostic for seizures. Electroencephalogram was obtained in the ED in 32 (27%) of 120 (CI95, 19%-35%), and 2 (6%) of 32 (CI95, 1%-19%) had seizures. Electroencephalogram was performed inpatient for 88 (73%) of 120 (CI95, 65%-81%), and 2 (2%) of 88 (CI95, 0.5%-7.1%) had seizures. CONCLUSION: Only 3% of ED patients with suspected seizures or status epilepticus had EEG confirmation of seizures within 24 hours. Early EEG acquisition in the ED may identify a group of patients amenable to ED observation and subsequent discharge from the hospital.
Description Country affiliation: United States
Author Affiliation: Kadambi P ( University of Cincinnati Department of Emergency Medicine, Cincinnati, OH, USA.); Hart KW ( University of Cincinnati Department of Emergency Medicine, Cincinnati, OH, USA.); Adeoye OM ( University of Cincinnati Department of Emergency Medicine, Cincinnati, OH, USA); Lindsell CJ ( University of Cincinnati Department of Emergency Medicine, Cincinnati, OH, USA.); Knight WA ( University of Cincinnati Department of Emergency Medicine, Cincinnati, OH, USA)
ISSN 07356757
Educational Role Student ♦ Teacher
Age Range above 22 year
Educational Use Reading ♦ Research ♦ Self Learning
Interactivity Type Expositive
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2015-01-01
Publisher Place United States
e-ISSN 15328171
Journal The American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Volume Number 33
Issue Number 1

Source: WHO-Global Index Medicus