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Author Farooq, Farees T. ♦ Lee, Michael H. ♦ Das, Ananya ♦ Dixit, Rahul ♦ Wong, Richard C. K.
Source World Health Organization (WHO)-Global Index Medicus
Content type Text
Publisher Elsevier
File Format HTM / HTML
Language English
Difficulty Level Medium
Subject Domain (in DDC) Social sciences ♦ Social problems & services; associations ♦ Social welfare problems & services ♦ Natural sciences & mathematics ♦ Life sciences; biology ♦ Natural history of organisms ♦ Technology ♦ Medicine & health ♦ Diseases ♦ Manufacture for specific uses ♦ Precision instruments & other devices
Subject Domain (in MeSH) Eukaryota ♦ Organisms ♦ Digestive System Diseases ♦ Diseases ♦ Diagnosis ♦ Investigative Techniques ♦ Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment ♦ Persons ♦ Persons ♦ Health Care Facilities, Manpower, and Services ♦ Health Care
Subject Keyword Discipline Emergency ♦ Discipline Medicine ♦ Decision Support Techniques ♦ Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal ♦ Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage ♦ Diagnosis ♦ Triage ♦ Methods ♦ Aged ♦ Aged, 80 And Over ♦ Emergency Service, Hospital ♦ Statistics & Numerical Data ♦ Female ♦ Humans ♦ Male ♦ Middle Aged ♦ Reproducibility Of Results ♦ Retrospective Studies ♦ Risk Factors ♦ Sensitivity And Specificity ♦ Journal Article
Abstract BACKGROUND: Acute upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage (UGIH) is a common reason for hospitalization with substantial associated morbidity, mortality, and cost. Differentiation of high- and low-risk patients using established risk scoring systems has been advocated. The aim of this study was to determine whether these scoring systems are more accurate than an emergency physician's clinical decision making in predicting the need for endoscopic intervention in acute UGIH. METHODS: Patients presenting to a tertiary care medical center with acute UGIH from 2003 to 2006 were identified from the hospital database, and their clinical data were abstracted. One hundred ninety-five patients met the inclusion criteria and were included in the analysis. The clinical Rockall score and Blatchford score (BS) were calculated and compared with the clinical triage decision (intensive care unit vs non-intensive care unit admission) in predicting the need for endoscopic therapy. RESULTS: Clinical Rockall score greater than 0 and BS greater than 0 were sensitive predictors of the need for endoscopic therapy (95% and 100%) but were poorly specific (9% and 4%), with overall accuracies of 41% and 39%. At higher score cutoffs, clinical Rockall score greater than 2 and BS greater than 5 remained sensitive (84% and 87%) and were more specific (29% and 33%), with overall accuracies of 48% and 52%. Clinical triage decision, as a surrogate for predicting the need for endoscopic therapy, was moderately sensitive (67%) and specific (75%), with an overall accuracy (73%) that exceeded both risk scores. CONCLUSIONS: The clinical use of risk scoring systems in acute UGIH may not be as good as clinical decision making by emergency physicians.
Description Country affiliation: United States
Author Affiliation: Farooq FT ( Gastro One, Memphis, TN 38138, USA.)
ISSN 07356757
Educational Role Student ♦ Teacher
Age Range above 22 year
Educational Use Reading ♦ Research ♦ Self Learning
Interactivity Type Expositive
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2012-01-01
Publisher Place United States
e-ISSN 15328171
Journal The American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Volume Number 30
Issue Number 1

Source: WHO-Global Index Medicus