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Author Dos Santos, Frank D. ♦ Schnakofsky, Roberto ♦ Cascio, Anthony ♦ Liu, Junfeng ♦ Merlin, Mark A.
Source World Health Organization (WHO)-Global Index Medicus
Content type Text
Publisher Elsevier
File Format HTM / HTML
Language English
Difficulty Level Medium
Subject Domain (in DDC) Natural sciences & mathematics ♦ Chemistry & allied sciences ♦ Life sciences; biology ♦ Biochemistry ♦ Natural history of organisms ♦ Technology ♦ Medicine & health ♦ Pharmacology and therapeutics ♦ Diseases ♦ Manufacture for specific uses ♦ Precision instruments & other devices
Subject Domain (in MeSH) Eukaryota ♦ Organisms ♦ Inorganic Chemicals ♦ Macromolecular Substances ♦ Chemicals and Drugs ♦ Therapeutics ♦ Investigative Techniques ♦ Equipment and Supplies ♦ Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment ♦ Persons ♦ Persons
Subject Keyword Discipline Emergency ♦ Discipline Medicine ♦ Allied Health Personnel ♦ Disposable Equipment ♦ Laryngoscopes ♦ Chi-square Distribution ♦ Equipment Design ♦ Humans ♦ Intubation, Intratracheal ♦ Instrumentation ♦ Plastics ♦ Retrospective Studies ♦ Stainless Steel ♦ Comparative Study ♦ Journal Article
Abstract BACKGROUND: Several studies have been published in the literature about intubation methods, but little is available on intubation equipment used in this setting. This is the first prehospital comparison of disposable plastic vs disposable stainless steel laryngoscope blades used by paramedics. STUDY OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare prehospital intubation success rates on first attempt and overall number of attempts to obtain intubations using disposable plastic laryngoscopes blades vs disposable stainless steel laryngoscope blades. METHODS: A retrospective prehospital cohort study was conducted during two 3-year periods. Two-way contingency table and χ(2) test were conducted to determine if there was a difference between the 2 types of blades. A proportional odds model with calculated 95% confidence interval (CI) and odd ratios were then calculated. RESULTS: A total of 2472 paramedic intubations were recorded over the 6-year period. The stainless steel single-use blades had a first attempt success rate of 88.9% vs 78.5% with plastic blades (P = .01; odds ratio, 1.94; 95% CI, 1.17-3.41). The stainless steel single-use laryngoscope blade had a lower number of attempts to successful intubation than the plastic blade (88.8% vs 74.3%, respectively) (P < .01; odds ratio, 1.64; 95% CI, 1.34-2.00). CONCLUSIONS: In the prehospital setting, stainless steel disposable blades were superior to plastic disposable blades in first attempt and overall number of attempts to intubation. Until further research is done, we recommend use of stainless steel blades for intubations in the prehospital setting by paramedics.
Description Country affiliation: United States
Author Affiliation: Dos Santos FD ( University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Department of Emergency Medicine, New Brunswick, 08901, USA.)
ISSN 07356757
Educational Role Student ♦ Teacher
Age Range above 22 year
Educational Use Reading ♦ Research ♦ Self Learning
Interactivity Type Expositive
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2011-07-01
Publisher Place United States
e-ISSN 15328171
Journal The American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Volume Number 29
Issue Number 6

Source: WHO-Global Index Medicus