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Author Takahashi, Akira ♦ Agrawal, Ganesh Kumar ♦ Yamazaki, Muneo ♦ Onosato, Katsura ♦ Miyao, Akio ♦ Kawasaki, Tsutomu ♦ Shimamoto, Ko ♦ Hirochika, Hirohiko
Source World Health Organization (WHO)-Global Index Medicus
Content type Text
Publisher American Society of Plant Biologists
File Format HTM / HTML
Language English
Difficulty Level Medium
Subject Domain (in DDC) Computer science, information & general works ♦ Library & information sciences ♦ Natural sciences & mathematics ♦ Chemistry & allied sciences ♦ Life sciences; biology ♦ Physiology & related subjects ♦ Biochemistry ♦ Genetics and evolution ♦ Natural history of organisms ♦ Technology ♦ Medicine & health ♦ Human physiology ♦ Pharmacology and therapeutics ♦ Diseases ♦ Manufacture for specific uses ♦ Precision instruments & other devices
Subject Domain (in MeSH) Eukaryota ♦ Organisms ♦ Enzymes and Coenzymes ♦ Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins ♦ Chemicals and Drugs ♦ Investigative Techniques ♦ Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment ♦ Chemical Phenomena ♦ Genetic Phenomena ♦ Immune System Phenomena ♦ Plant Physiological Phenomena ♦ Biological Phenomena ♦ Biological Sciences ♦ Information Science ♦ Information Science
Subject Keyword Discipline Botany ♦ Down-regulation ♦ Genetics ♦ Immunity, Innate ♦ Immunology ♦ Oryza Sativa ♦ Enzymology ♦ Plant Diseases ♦ Plant Proteins ♦ Metabolism ♦ Amino Acid Sequence ♦ Cloning, Molecular ♦ Gene Expression Regulation, Plant ♦ Genetic Complementation Test ♦ Host-parasite Interactions ♦ Lycopersicon Esculentum ♦ Models, Biological ♦ Molecular Sequence Data ♦ Mutation ♦ Phenotype ♦ Chemistry ♦ Protein Kinases ♦ Signal Transduction ♦ Journal Article ♦ Research Support, Non-u.s. Gov't
Abstract Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) Pto encodes a protein kinase that confers resistance to bacterial speck disease. A second protein kinase, Pti1, physically interacts with Pto and is involved in Pto-mediated defense signaling. Pti1-related sequences are highly conserved among diverse plant species, including rice (Oryza sativa), but their functions are largely unknown. Here, we report the identification of a null mutant for the Pti1 homolog in rice and the functional characterization of Os Pti1a. The rice pti1a mutant was characterized by spontaneous necrotic lesions on leaves, which was accompanied by a series of defense responses and resistance against a compatible race of Magnaporthe grisea. Overexpression of Pti1a in rice reduced resistance against an incompatible race of the fungus recognized by a resistance (R) protein, Pish. Plants overexpressing Pti1a were also more susceptible to a compatible race of the bacterial pathogen Xanthomonas oryzae pv oryzae. These results suggest that Os Pti1a negatively regulates defense signaling for both R gene-mediated and basal resistance. We also demonstrated that repression of the rice RAR1 gene suppressed defense responses induced in the pti1a mutant, indicating that Pti1a negatively regulates RAR1-dependent defense responses. Expression of a tomato Pti1 cDNA in the rice pti1a mutant suppressed the mutant phenotypes. This contrasts strikingly with the previous finding that Sl Pti1 enhances Pto-mediated hypersensitive response (HR) induction when expressed in tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum), suggesting that the molecular switch controlling HR downstream of pathogen recognition has evolved differently in rice and tomato.
Description Country affiliation: Japan
Author Affiliation: Takahashi A ( Department of Molecular Genetics, National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.)
ISSN 10404651
Educational Role Student ♦ Teacher
Age Range above 22 year
Educational Use Reading ♦ Research ♦ Self Learning
Interactivity Type Expositive
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2007-09-01
Publisher Place United States
e-ISSN 1531298X
Volume Number 19
Issue Number 9

Source: WHO-Global Index Medicus