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Author Kourakis, Matthew J. ♦ Smith, William C.
Source Paperity
Content type Text
Publisher eLife Sciences Publications, Ltd
File Format PDF ♦ HTM / HTML
Copyright Year ©2015
Abstract The ascidian Ciona intestinalis, commonly known as a ‘sea squirt’, has become an important model for embryological studies, offering a simple blueprint for chordate development. As a model organism, it offers the following: a small, compact genome; a free swimming larva with only about 2600 cells; and an embryogenesis that unfolds according to a predictable program of cell division. Moreover, recent phylogenies reveal that C. intestinalis occupies a privileged branch in the tree of life: it is our nearest invertebrate relative. Here, we provide an organismal perspective of C. intestinalis, highlighting aspects of its life history and habitat—from its brief journey as a larva to its radical metamorphosis into adult form—and relate these features to its utility as a laboratory model.
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2015-03-25
e-ISSN 2050084X
Journal eLife