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Author Heinemann, M. D. ♦ Unold, T. ♦ Berry, J. ♦ Teeter, G. ♦ Ginley, D.
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Language English
Subject Keyword CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS ♦ AFFINITY ♦ CHARGE CARRIERS ♦ ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES ♦ ENERGY BEAM DEPOSITION ♦ GALLIUM OXIDES ♦ LASER RADIATION ♦ LAYERS ♦ OXYGEN ♦ PULSED IRRADIATION ♦ SOLAR CELLS ♦ STOICHIOMETRY ♦ THIN FILMS ♦ TRANSISTORS
Abstract The potential of effectively n-type doping Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3} considering its large band gap has made it an attractive target for integration into transistors and solar cells. As a result amorphous GaO{sub x} is now attracting interest as an electron transport layer in solar cells despite little information on its opto-electrical properties. Here we present the opto-electronic properties, including optical band gap, electron affinity, and charge carrier density, for amorphous GaO{sub x} thin films deposited by pulsed laser deposition. These properties are strongly dependent on the deposition temperature during the deposition process. The deposition temperature has no significant influence on the general structural properties but produces significant changes in the oxygen stoichiometry of the films. The density of the oxygen vacancies is found to be related to the optical band gap of the GaO{sub x} layer. It is proposed that the oxygen deficiency leads to defect band below the conduction band minimum that increases the electron affinity. These properties facilitate the use of amorphous GaO{sub x} as an electron transport layer in Cu(In,Ga)Se{sub 2} and in Cu{sub 2}O solar cells. Further it is shown that at low deposition temperatures, extrinsic doping with Sn is effective at low Sn concentrations.
ISSN 00036951
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2016-01-11
Publisher Place United States
Journal Applied Physics Letters
Volume Number 108
Issue Number 2


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