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Author Urquidi, Jacob ♦ Brar, Ramaninder K. ♦ Rodriguez, Stacy ♦ Hansen, Immo
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Language English
Subject Keyword APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES ♦ BIOLOGICAL RADIATION EFFECTS ♦ CROPS ♦ DOMESTIC ANIMALS ♦ FEVER ♦ GAIN ♦ IRRADIATION ♦ MALARIA ♦ MALES ♦ MORTALITY ♦ MOSQUITOES ♦ PESTICIDES ♦ RADIATION DOSES ♦ SIDE EFFECTS ♦ STERILITY ♦ STERILIZATION ♦ WAVELENGTHS ♦ X RADIATION
Abstract Control of insect species for the protection of crops, livestock, and prevention of disease such as dengue fever and malaria is a high priority in today’s global economy. Traditional methods such as pesticides have fallen out of favor because its effects are indiscriminate as well as adverse and unpredictable impacts on the environment. Modern novel techniques such as genetic modification have had trouble gaining traction due to ethics concerns and the potential for unforeseen side effects. One approach that has gained traction and has proven its efficacy is the use of ionizing radiation to affect sterility in insect species in order to scale back their population. Known as Sterile Insect Technique (SIT), it has proven very effective in eradicating certain dipteran insect populations. However, when standard sterilization methods developed for dipertans are applied to mosquito populations significant complications arise, such as an inability to compete with non-irradiated males and high mortality rates. We have investigated the effect of treatment with x-rays of different wavelengths on x-ray sterilized mosquito males. Our results have demonstrated that longer wavelength x-rays have a significant effect on the outcome of the sterile males’ longevity as well as an increase on the efficacy of sterilization while employing a substantially lower dose.
ISSN 0094243X
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2015-07-23
Publisher Place United States
Volume Number 1671
Issue Number 1


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