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Author Toki, Hideaki ♦ Minowa, Osamu ♦ Inoue, Maki ♦ Motegi, Hiromi ♦ Karashima, Yuko ♦ Ikeda, Ami ♦ Kaneda, Hideki ♦ Sakuraba, Yoshiyuki ♦ Saiki, Yuriko ♦ Wakana, Shigeharu ♦ Suzuki, Hiroshi ♦ Gondo, Yoichi ♦ Shiroishi, Toshihiko ♦ Noda, Tetsuo
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Language English
Subject Keyword APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES ♦ CALCIUM IONS ♦ CARCINOGENESIS ♦ CARCINOMAS ♦ DOMINANT MUTATIONS ♦ ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM ♦ ESOPHAGUS ♦ GENE MUTATIONS ♦ GENES ♦ KNOCK-OUT REACTIONS ♦ MESSENGER-RNA ♦ MICE ♦ MUTAGENESIS ♦ MUTANTS ♦ PHENOTYPE ♦ PROTEINS
Abstract Dominant mutations in the Serca2 gene, which encodes sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum calcium-ATPase, predispose mice to gastrointestinal epithelial carcinoma [1–4] and humans to Darier disease (DD) [14–17]. In this study, we generated mice harboring N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea (ENU)-induced allelic mutations in Serca2: three missense mutations and one nonsense mutation. Mice harboring these Serca2 mutations developed tumors that were categorized as either early onset squamous cell tumors (SCT), with development similar to null-type knockout mice [2,4] (aggressive form; M682, M814), or late onset tumors (mild form; M1049, M1162). Molecular analysis showed no aberration in Serca2 mRNA or protein expression levels in normal esophageal cells of any of the four mutant heterozygotes. There was no loss of heterozygosity at the Serca2 locus in the squamous cell carcinomas in any of the four lines. The effect of each mutation on Ca{sup 2+}-ATPase activity was predicted using atomic-structure models and accumulated mutated protein studies, suggesting that putative complete loss of Serca2 enzymatic activity may lead to early tumor onset, whereas mutations in which Serca2 retains residual enzymatic activity result in late onset. We propose that impaired Serca2 gene product activity has a long-term effect on squamous cell carcinogenesis from onset to the final carcinoma stage through an as-yet unrecognized but common regulatory pathway. -- Highlights: •Novel mutations in murine Serca2 caused early onset or late onset of tumorigenesis. •They also caused higher or lower incidence of Darier Disease phenotype. •3D structure model suggested the former mutations led to severer defect on ATPase. •Driver gene mutations via long-range effect on Ca2+ distributions are suggested.
ISSN 0006291X
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2016-08-05
Publisher Place United States
Journal Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume Number 476
Issue Number 4


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