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Author Ahmed, Zohaib ♦ Imran, Muhammad ♦ Abbas, Muhammad Nadeem ♦ Hussain, Syed Makhdoom ♦ Mumtaz, Muhammad Waseem ♦ Raza, Muhammad Asam ♦ Hussain, Majid
Source Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
Content type Text
Publisher National Centre of Excellence in Analytical Chemsitry
File Format HTM / HTML
Date Created 2016-02-10
Copyright Year ©2015
Language English
Subject Domain (in LCC) GE1-350 ♦ QD71-142
Subject Keyword Chemistry ♦ Anthropology ♦ Geography ♦ Recreation ♦ Science ♦ Environmental sciences ♦ Analytical chemistry
Abstract The physico-chemical characterization of the surface water. Samples was carried out collected from nine sampling points of drain passing by the territory of Hafizabad city, Punjab, Pakistan. The water of drain is used by farmers for irrigation purposes in nearby agricultural fields. Twenty water quality parameters were evaluated in three turns and the results obtained were compared with the National Environmental Quality Standards (NEQS) municipal and industrial effluents prescribed limits. The highly significant difference (p<0.01) was recorded for the content of phenols, carbonyl compounds, cyanides, dissolved oxygen, biological oxygen demand, total soluble salts, total dissolved salts, nitrates and sulphates, whereas, the concentration of magnesium, potassium and oil & grease differed significantly (p<0.05) with respect to the sampling points on average basis. Non-significant difference (p>0.05) was noted for temperature, pH, electrical conductivity, hardness, calcium, sodium, chemical oxygen demand and chloride among water samples from different sampling points. Furthermore, the experimental results of different water quality parameters studied at nine sampling points of the drain were used and interpolated in ArcGIS 9.3 environment system using kriging techniques to obtain calculated values for the remaining locations of the Drain.
ISSN 22215255
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG ♦ Career/Technical Study
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2015-12-01
e-ISSN 1996918X
Journal Pakistan Journal of Analytical & Environmental Chemistry
Volume Number 16
Issue Number 2
Page Count 10
Starting Page 28
Ending Page 37

Source: Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)