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Author Beame, Paul ♦ Saks, Michael ♦ Sun, Xiaodong ♦ Vee, Erik
Source ACM Digital Library
Content type Text
Publisher Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2003
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Computer science, information & general works ♦ Data processing & computer science
Subject Keyword Branching programs ♦ Element distinctness ♦ Quadratic forms ♦ Random-access machines
Abstract We prove the first time-space lower bound trade-offs for randomized computation of decision problems. The bounds hold even in the case that the computation is allowed to have arbitrary probability of error on a small fraction of inputs. Our techniques are extension of those used by Ajtai and by Beame, Jayram, and Saks that applied to deterministic branching programs. Our results also give a quantitative improvement over the previous results.Previous time-space trade-off results for decision problems can be divided naturally into results for functions with Boolean domain, that is, each input variable is {0,1}-valued, and the case of large domain, where each input variable takes on values from a set whose size grows with the number of variables.In the case of Boolean domain, Ajtai exhibited an explicit class of functions, and proved that any deterministic Boolean branching program or RAM using space $\textit{S}$ = $\textit{o}(\textit{n})$ requires superlinear time $\textit{T}$ to compute them. The functional form of the superlinear bound is not given in his paper, but optimizing the parameters in his arguments gives $\textit{T}$ = $Ω(\textit{n}$ log log $\textit{n}/log$ log log $\textit{n})$ for $\textit{S}$ = $O(n^{1™&epsis;}).$ For the same functions considered by Ajtai, we prove a time-space trade-off (for randomized branching programs with error) of the form $\textit{T}$ = $Ω(\textit{n}$ &sqrt; $log(\textit{n/S})/log$ log $(\textit{n/S})).$ In particular, for space $O(n^{1™&epsis;}),$ this improves the lower bound on time to $Ω(\textit{n}&sqrt;$ log $\textit{n}/log$ log $\textit{n}).In$ the large domain case, we prove lower bounds of the form $\textit{T}$ = $Ω(\textit{n}&sqrt;$ $log(\textit{n/S})/log$ log $(\textit{n/S}))$ for randomized computation of the element distinctness function and lower bounds of the form $\textit{T}$ = $Ω(\textit{n}$ log $(\textit{n/S}))$ for randomized computation of Ajtai's Hamming closeness problem and of certain functions associated with quadratic forms over large fields.
ISSN 00045411
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2003-03-01
Publisher Place New York
e-ISSN 1557735X
Journal Journal of the ACM (JACM)
Volume Number 50
Issue Number 2
Page Count 42
Starting Page 154
Ending Page 195


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Source: ACM Digital Library