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Author Pern, F. J. ♦ Glick, S. H. ♦ Czanderna, A. W.
Sponsorship USDOE
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Language English
Subject Keyword SOLAR ENERGY ♦ SOLAR CELL ARRAYS ♦ SOLAR ABSORBERS ♦ ENCAPSULATION ♦ STABILITY ♦ COLOR ♦ FABRICATION ♦ SPECTRAL RESPONSE ♦ VISIBLE SPECTRA
Abstract Results from extensive studies of the commercial ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) formulations show that the UV absorber and curing-generated UV-excitable, {alpha},{beta}-unsaturated carbonyl chromophores facilitate the EVA discoloration, which is further enhanced by curing-generated acetic acid and probably residual peroxide curing agent also. Formation and concentration of the UV-excitable chromophores are substantially promoted by the antioxidant, Naugard P. The discoloration rate is greater under higher UV light intensity and temperatures. Heating in the dark at elevated temperatures (e.g., 85&hthinsp;{degree}C) in the air for {approximately}200 days only results in light yellowing. The discoloration reactions compete with photobleaching reactions, which destroy curing-generated chromophores and result in non-discoloring of EVA. By using better performance stabilizers to minimize the curing-generated UV-excitable chromophores, a new fast curing agent, and no UV absorber, the NREL-developed EVA formulations show a superior photothermal stability against browning to the commercial counterparts. Alternatively, the discoloration rate of the commercial EVA pottants can be considerably reduced by using UV-filtering glass superstrates that largely inhibit the UV-induced photooxidation reactions, or completely eliminated by using air-permeable polymer superstrate films that enable photobleaching reactions. {copyright} {ital 1999 American Institute of Physics.}
ISSN 0094243X
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 1999-03-01
Publisher Department National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publisher Place United States
Volume Number 462
Issue Number 1
Technical Publication No. CONF-980935-
Organization National Renewable Energy Laboratory


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