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Author Kuh, Diana ♦ Shah, Imran ♦ Richards, Marcus ♦ Mishra, Gita ♦ Wadsworth, Michael ♦ Hardy, Rebecca
Source World Health Organization (WHO)-Global Index Medicus
Content type Text
Publisher Elsevier
File Format HTM / HTML
Language English
Difficulty Level Medium
Subject Domain (in DDC) Philosophy & psychology ♦ Psychology ♦ Social sciences ♦ Sociology & anthropology ♦ Social problems & services; associations ♦ Social welfare problems & services ♦ Natural sciences & mathematics ♦ Life sciences; biology ♦ Physiology & related subjects ♦ Natural history of organisms ♦ Technology ♦ Medicine & health ♦ Human physiology ♦ Incidence & prevention of disease ♦ Diseases ♦ Manufacture for specific uses ♦ Precision instruments & other devices
Subject Domain (in MeSH) Eukaryota ♦ Organisms ♦ Neoplasms ♦ Cardiovascular Diseases ♦ Diseases ♦ Investigative Techniques ♦ Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment ♦ Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms ♦ Psychiatry and Psychology ♦ Physiological Phenomena ♦ Biological Sciences ♦ Social Sciences ♦ Anthropology, Education, Sociology and Social Phenomena ♦ Non-Medical Public and Private Facilities ♦ Technology and Food and Beverages ♦ Persons ♦ Persons ♦ Health Care Quality, Access, and Evaluation ♦ Health Care
Subject Keyword Discipline Medicine ♦ Cardiovascular Diseases ♦ Mortality ♦ Intelligence ♦ Longevity ♦ Neoplasms ♦ Smoking ♦ Socioeconomic Factors ♦ Adult ♦ Cohort Studies ♦ Female ♦ Housing ♦ Humans ♦ Kaplan-meier Estimate ♦ Male ♦ Middle Aged ♦ Multivariate Analysis ♦ Proportional Hazards Models ♦ Risk Factors ♦ Sex Factors ♦ Social Class ♦ Great Britain ♦ Journal Article
Abstract Poor childhood and adult socio-economic conditions, lower childhood cognitive ability and cigarette smoking are all associated with adult mortality risk. Using data on 4458 men and women aged 60 years from a British birth cohort study, we investigated the extent to which these risk factors are part of the same pathway linking childhood experience to adult survival. Compared with women from non-manual origins, men from non-manual origins, women and men from manual origins, and those with missing data on father's social class had about double the risk of mortality between 26 and 60 years. Cox proportional hazards models showed that these differences were reduced but remained significant after adjusting for childhood cognitive ability, adult socio-economic conditions and smoking. Higher childhood ability increased survival chances by securing better adult socio-economic conditions, such as home ownership, which was strongly associated with survival. These findings were similar for cardiovascular and cancer mortality.
Description Country affiliation: United kingdom
Author Affiliation: Kuh D ( MRC Unit for Lifelong Health and Ageing, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College Medical School, 33 Bedford Place, London WC1B 5JU, United Kingdom.
ISSN 02779536
Educational Role Student ♦ Teacher
Age Range above 22 year
Educational Use Reading ♦ Research ♦ Self Learning
Interactivity Type Expositive
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2009-05-01
Publisher Place Great Britain (UK)
e-ISSN 18735347
Journal Social Science & Medicine
Volume Number 68
Issue Number 9

Source: WHO-Global Index Medicus