|Author||Low, Chien-Tat ♦ Lai, Poh-Chin ♦ Tse, Wing-Sze Cindy ♦ Tsui, Chung-Kan ♦ Lee, Herman ♦ Hui, Pak-Kwan|
|Source||World Health Organization (WHO)-Global Index Medicus|
|File Format||HTM / HTML|
|Subject Domain (in DDC)||Social sciences ♦ Sociology & anthropology ♦ Natural sciences & mathematics ♦ Life sciences; biology ♦ Natural history of organisms ♦ Technology ♦ Medicine & health ♦ Diseases ♦ Manufacture for specific uses ♦ Precision instruments & other devices|
|Subject Domain (in MeSH)||Eukaryota ♦ Organisms ♦ Bacterial Infections and Mycoses ♦ Diseases ♦ Investigative Techniques ♦ Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment ♦ Social Sciences ♦ Anthropology, Education, Sociology and Social Phenomena ♦ Non-Medical Public and Private Facilities ♦ Technology and Food and Beverages ♦ Geographic Locations ♦ Geographic Locations|
|Subject Keyword||Discipline Medicine ♦ Housing ♦ Statistics & Numerical Data ♦ Tuberculosis ♦ Epidemiology ♦ Hong Kong ♦ Humans ♦ Risk Factors ♦ Socioeconomic Factors ♦ Journal Article ♦ Research Support, Non-u.s. Gov't|
|Abstract||Tuberculosis (TB) is known as a disease of poverty. It has also been related to poor living environment. This study examines the relationship between TB outcome and housing characteristics which is reflective of the socio-economic standing. We sought to investigate the association from two novel angles: (1) TB outcome against floor level of residence, and (2) TB outcome against types of housing development. A total of 1787 culture-positive TB cases were collected by the Centralized Mycobacterium Laboratory from 2007 to 2009. Most of the cases fell in the catchment area of the Kowloon West Cluster, a densely populated urban area in Hong Kong. The distribution of culture-positive TB cases by floor levels of residence and types of housing was examined by descriptive and non-parametric statistical analyses. The effects of vertical distance of residence from the street level on TB outcome by different types of housing development were further explored by regression methods. Our study confirmed more TB cases among tenants on the lower floors and observed a decreasing trend towards higher floors. It also revealed that significantly more TB cases were residing in public as opposed to private or other types of housing (Chi-square = 151.14, p < 0.0001). Regression analysis by different housing types showed significantly different rates of change between floor number and TB cases (p < 0.0001). Our findings offer evidence on the inverse associations between floor levels of residence and TB occurrences and showed that the patterns were dependent on housing types. We demonstrated how housing characteristics could be useful input in an ecological study of the TB disease. These results have significant design and health implications for Asian cities that are getting denser and growing taller.|
|Spatial Coverage||Hong Kong|
|Description||Country affiliation: Hong Kong
Author Affiliation: Low CT ( Department of Geography, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong. email@example.com)
|Educational Role||Student ♦ Teacher|
|Age Range||above 22 year|
|Educational Use||Reading ♦ Research ♦ Self Learning|
|Education Level||UG and PG|
|Learning Resource Type||Article|
|Publisher Place||Great Britain (UK)|
|Journal||Social Science & Medicine|
National Digital Library of India (NDLI) is a virtual repository of learning resources which is not just a repository with search/browse facilities but provides a host of services for the learner community. It is sponsored and mentored by Ministry of Education, Government of India, through its National Mission on Education through Information and Communication Technology (NMEICT). Filtered and federated searching is employed to facilitate focused searching so that learners can find the right resource with least effort and in minimum time. NDLI provides user group-specific services such as Examination Preparatory for School and College students and job aspirants. Services for Researchers and general learners are also provided. NDLI is designed to hold content of any language and provides interface support for 10 most widely used Indian languages. It is built to provide support for all academic levels including researchers and life-long learners, all disciplines, all popular forms of access devices and differently-abled learners. It is designed to enable people to learn and prepare from best practices from all over the world and to facilitate researchers to perform inter-linked exploration from multiple sources. It is developed, operated and maintained from Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur.
NDLI is a conglomeration of freely available or institutionally contributed or donated or publisher managed contents. Almost all these contents are hosted and accessed from respective sources. The responsibility for authenticity, relevance, completeness, accuracy, reliability and suitability of these contents rests with the respective organization and NDLI has no responsibility or liability for these. Every effort is made to keep the NDLI portal up and running smoothly unless there are some unavoidable technical issues.
Ministry of Education, through its National Mission on Education through Information and Communication Technology (NMEICT), has sponsored and funded the National Digital Library of India (NDLI) project.
For any issue or feedback, please write to firstname.lastname@example.org