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Author Um, Mee Young ♦ Chi, Iris ♦ Kim, Hee Jin ♦ Palinkas, Lawrence A. ♦ Kim, Jae Yop
Source World Health Organization (WHO)-Global Index Medicus
Content type Text
Publisher Elsevier
File Format HTM / HTML
Language English
Difficulty Level Medium
Subject Domain (in DDC) Philosophy & psychology ♦ Psychology ♦ Social sciences ♦ Sociology & anthropology ♦ Economics ♦ Microeconomics & related topics ♦ Natural sciences & mathematics ♦ Life sciences; biology ♦ Natural history of organisms ♦ Technology ♦ Medicine & health ♦ Incidence & prevention of disease ♦ Diseases ♦ Manufacture for specific uses ♦ Precision instruments & other devices
Subject Domain (in MeSH) Eukaryota ♦ Organisms ♦ Investigative Techniques ♦ Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment ♦ Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms ♦ Mental Disorders ♦ Psychiatry and Psychology ♦ Health Occupations ♦ Physical Sciences ♦ Social Sciences ♦ Anthropology, Education, Sociology and Social Phenomena ♦ Persons ♦ Persons ♦ Health Care Economics and Organizations ♦ Health Care ♦ Geographic Locations ♦ Geographic Locations
Subject Keyword Discipline Medicine ♦ Acculturation ♦ Depressive Disorder ♦ Ethnology ♦ Epidemiology ♦ Racism ♦ Refugees ♦ Psychology ♦ Statistics & Numerical Data ♦ Adaptation, Psychological ♦ Adult ♦ Aged ♦ Attitude Of Health Personnel ♦ Democratic People's Republic Of Korea ♦ Female ♦ Humans ♦ Male ♦ Middle Aged ♦ Policy Making ♦ Public Health ♦ Republic Of Korea ♦ Statistics As Topic ♦ Journal Article ♦ Research Support, Non-u.s. Gov't
Abstract Although the prevalence of depressive disorders among North Korean (NK) refugees living in South Korea has been reported to be twice the rate of their South Korean counterparts, little is known about the correlates of depressive symptoms among this population. Despite their escape from a politically and economically repressive setting, NK refugees continue to face multidimensional hardships during their adaptation process in South Korea, which can adversely affect their mental health. However, to our knowledge, no empirical research exists to date on depressive symptoms in the context of adaptation or perceived discrimination among NK refugees. To fill this gap, this study used a sample of 261 NK refugees in South Korea from the 2010 National Survey on Family Violence to examine associations between sociocultural adaptation, perceived discrimination, and depressive symptoms, as well as the moderation effect of discrimination on adaptation to depressive symptoms. We found that poor sociocultural adaptation and perception of discrimination were associated with increased levels of depressive symptoms. Perception of discrimination attenuated the association between better adaptation and fewer depressive symptoms, when compared to no perception of discrimination. These findings highlight the need to improve NK refugees' adaptation and integration as well as their psychological well-being in a culturally sensitive and comprehensive manner. They also underscore the importance of educating South Koreans to become accepting hosts who value diversity, yet in a homogeneous society.
Spatial Coverage Democratic People's Republic of Korea ♦ Republic of Korea
Description Author Affiliation: Um MY ( University of Southern California, School of Social Work, 669 W. 34th St, Los Angeles, CA 90089-0411, USA. Electronic address:; Chi I ( University of Southern California, School of Social Work, 669 W. 34th St, Los Angeles, CA 90089-0411, USA. Electronic address:; Kim HJ ( Myongji University, Bangmok College of General Education, 116 Myongji-ro, Cheoin-gu, Yongin-si, Gyeonggi-do 449-728, South Korea. Electronic address:; Palinkas LA ( University of Southern California, School of Social Work, 669 W. 34th St, Los Angeles, CA 90089-0411, USA. Electronic address:; Kim JY ( Yonsei University, Graduate School of Social Welfare, 50 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 120-749, South Korea. Electronic address:
ISSN 02779536
Educational Role Student ♦ Teacher
Age Range above 22 year
Educational Use Reading ♦ Research ♦ Self Learning
Interactivity Type Expositive
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2015-04-01
Publisher Place Great Britain (UK)
e-ISSN 18735347
Journal Social Science & Medicine
Volume Number 131

Source: WHO-Global Index Medicus