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Author Zheng, Hui ♦ Yang, Yang
Source World Health Organization (WHO)-Global Index Medicus
Content type Text
Publisher Elsevier
File Format HTM / HTML
Language English
Difficulty Level Medium
Subject Domain (in DDC) Social sciences ♦ Sociology & anthropology ♦ Social groups ♦ Natural sciences & mathematics ♦ Life sciences; biology ♦ Natural history of organisms ♦ Technology ♦ Medicine & health ♦ Diseases ♦ Manufacture for specific uses ♦ Precision instruments & other devices
Subject Domain (in MeSH) Eukaryota ♦ Organisms ♦ Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases ♦ Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms ♦ Diseases ♦ Investigative Techniques ♦ Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment ♦ Social Sciences ♦ Anthropology, Education, Sociology and Social Phenomena ♦ Persons ♦ Persons ♦ Population Characteristics ♦ Health Care ♦ Geographic Locations ♦ Geographic Locations
Subject Keyword Discipline Medicine ♦ African Americans ♦ Statistics & Numerical Data ♦ European Continental Ancestry Group ♦ Overweight ♦ Mortality ♦ Adult ♦ Age Distribution ♦ Aged ♦ Educational Status ♦ Female ♦ Humans ♦ Income ♦ Male ♦ Middle Aged ♦ Trends ♦ Nutrition Surveys ♦ Obesity ♦ Classification ♦ Ethnology ♦ Risk Factors ♦ Sex Distribution ♦ United States ♦ Epidemiology ♦ Journal Article
Abstract Existing research provides inconsistent evidence for a relationship between overweight and/or obesity and mortality, and poorly studies the population heterogeneity with respect to the mortality consequence of overweight/obesity. This study investigates how overweight and/or obesity affect mortality and how these effects may vary across sociodemographic groups defined by race, sex, age, education and income by using the U.S. Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III) with linked mortality data from 1988 to 2006 (6915 respondents with 2694 deaths). Analysis from Cox proportional hazard model suggests overweight people are at lower risk of death compared to normal weight people, but this protection effect is concentrated in black men, older adults, and people in the lowest income stratum. Class I obesity does not increase mortality risk, but Class II/III obesity does and the harmful effect is concentrated in whites, young and middle adults, and people with higher education and income levels. We discuss these findings in the context of the extant literature and the long-term prospect of life expectancy in the U.S.
Spatial Coverage United States
Description Country affiliation: United States
Author Affiliation: Zheng H ( Department of Sociology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA.
ISSN 02779536
Educational Role Student ♦ Teacher
Age Range above 22 year
Educational Use Reading ♦ Research ♦ Self Learning
Interactivity Type Expositive
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2012-09-01
Publisher Place Great Britain (UK)
e-ISSN 18735347
Journal Social Science & Medicine
Volume Number 75
Issue Number 6

Source: WHO-Global Index Medicus