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Author Vang, Zoua M. ♦ Elo, Irma T.
Source World Health Organization (WHO)-Global Index Medicus
Content type Text
Publisher Elsevier
File Format HTM / HTML
Language English
Difficulty Level Medium
Subject Domain (in DDC) Social sciences ♦ Sociology & anthropology ♦ Social groups ♦ Natural sciences & mathematics ♦ Life sciences; biology ♦ Natural history of organisms ♦ Technology ♦ Medicine & health ♦ Diseases ♦ Manufacture for specific uses ♦ Precision instruments & other devices
Subject Domain (in MeSH) Eukaryota ♦ Organisms ♦ Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms ♦ Diseases ♦ Investigative Techniques ♦ Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment ♦ Social Sciences ♦ Anthropology, Education, Sociology and Social Phenomena ♦ Persons ♦ Persons ♦ Population Characteristics ♦ Health Care ♦ Geographic Locations ♦ Geographic Locations
Subject Keyword Discipline Medicine ♦ African Americans ♦ Statistics & Numerical Data ♦ Birth Weight ♦ Cultural Diversity ♦ Emigrants And Immigrants ♦ Health Status Disparities ♦ Minority Groups ♦ Residence Characteristics ♦ Adult ♦ Africa South Of The Sahara ♦ Ethnology ♦ Caribbean Region ♦ Female ♦ Humans ♦ Infant, Newborn ♦ Male ♦ New Jersey ♦ Risk Factors ♦ Vital Statistics ♦ Comparative Study ♦ Journal Article ♦ Research Support, N.i.h., Extramural ♦ Research Support, U.s. Gov't, Non-p.h.s.
Abstract We examined the association between neighborhood minority diversity and infant birthweight among non-Hispanic US-born black women and foreign-born black women from Sub-Saharan Africa and the non-Spanish speaking Caribbean using 2002-2006 vital statistics birth record data from the state of New Jersey (n = 73,907). We used a standardized entropy score to measure the degree of minority diversity (i.e., non-white multiethnic racial heterogeneity) for each census tract where women lived. We distinguished between four levels of minority diversity, with the highest level representing majority-minority neighborhoods. We estimated mean birthweight for singleton births over this 5-year period using linear regression with robust standard errors to correct for clustering of mothers within census tracts. We found significant differences in mean birthweight by mother's country of origin such that infants of US-born black mothers weighed significantly less than the infants of African and Caribbean immigrants (3130 g vs. 3299 g and 3212 g; p < 0.001). Adjustments for neighborhood deprivation, residential instability, individual-level sociodemographics, maternal health behaviors and conditions, and gestational age did not reduce these origin differences. Minority diversity had a protective effect on black infant health. Women living in low and moderately diverse tracts as well as those in majority-minority neighborhoods had heavier babies (ß = 26.5, 29.8 and 61.2, respectively, p < 0.001) on average than women in the least diverse tracts. The results for majority-minority neighborhoods were robust when we controlled for neighborhood- and individual-level covariates.
Spatial Coverage Africa South of the Sahara ♦ Caribbean Region ♦ New Jersey
Description Author Affiliation: Vang ZM ( Department of Sociology, McGill University, 713 Leacock Building, 855 Sherbrooke Street, Montreal, QC H3A 2T7, Canada. Electronic address: zoua.vang@mcgill.ca.)
ISSN 02779536
Educational Role Student ♦ Teacher
Age Range above 22 year
Educational Use Reading ♦ Research ♦ Self Learning
Interactivity Type Expositive
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2013-11-01
Publisher Place Great Britain (UK)
e-ISSN 18735347
Journal Social Science & Medicine
Volume Number 97


Source: WHO-Global Index Medicus