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Author Friend-du Preez, Natalie ♦ Cameron, Noël ♦ Griffiths, Paula
Source World Health Organization (WHO)-Global Index Medicus
Content type Text
Publisher Elsevier
File Format HTM / HTML
Language English
Difficulty Level Medium
Subject Domain (in DDC) Philosophy & psychology ♦ Psychology ♦ Social sciences ♦ Sociology & anthropology ♦ Social groups ♦ Social problems & services; associations ♦ Social welfare problems & services ♦ Natural sciences & mathematics ♦ Chemistry & allied sciences ♦ Life sciences; biology ♦ Biochemistry ♦ Natural history of organisms ♦ Technology ♦ Medicine & health ♦ Incidence & prevention of disease ♦ Pharmacology and therapeutics ♦ Diseases ♦ Manufacture for specific uses ♦ Precision instruments & other devices
Subject Domain (in MeSH) Eukaryota ♦ Organisms ♦ Respiratory Tract Diseases ♦ Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms ♦ Diseases ♦ Pharmaceutical Preparations ♦ Chemicals and Drugs ♦ Therapeutics ♦ Investigative Techniques ♦ Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment ♦ Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms ♦ Psychiatry and Psychology ♦ Natural Science Disciplines ♦ Physical Sciences ♦ Social Sciences ♦ Anthropology, Education, Sociology and Social Phenomena ♦ Persons ♦ Persons ♦ Population Characteristics ♦ Health Care Facilities, Manpower, and Services ♦ Health Care Quality, Access, and Evaluation ♦ Health Care ♦ Geographic Locations ♦ Geographic Locations
Subject Keyword Discipline Medicine ♦ Caregivers ♦ Psychology ♦ Child Health Services ♦ Utilization ♦ Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice ♦ Nonprescription Drugs ♦ Therapeutic Use ♦ Patient Acceptance Of Health Care ♦ Statistics & Numerical Data ♦ Urban Population ♦ Adult ♦ Child, Preschool ♦ Constipation ♦ Therapy ♦ Cough ♦ Diarrhea ♦ Fever ♦ Focus Groups ♦ Humans ♦ Infant ♦ Medicine, Traditional ♦ Qualitative Research ♦ Socioeconomic Factors ♦ South Africa ♦ Young Adult ♦ Journal Article ♦ Research Support, Non-u.s. Gov't
Abstract A mixed method approach was used to investigate the treatment of childhood illnesses in Johannesburg and Soweto. In 2004, in-depth interviews were held with caregivers (n = 5), providers of traditional (n = 6) and Western (n = 6) health care, as well as 5 focus groups with black caregivers of children under 6 years. An utilisation-based survey was conducted with 206 black caregivers of children under 6 years of age at 1 public clinic in Soweto (n = 50), 2 private clinics (n = 50) in Johannesburg, 2 public hospitals (n = 53) from Johannesburg and Soweto and 2 traditional healers (n = 53) from Johannesburg and Orange Farm, an informal settlement on the outskirts of Johannesburg. Caregivers reported how they would respond to 4 common child health problems. Home treatments would be a common first resort particularly for diarrhoea (79%, mostly salt and sugar solution) and constipation (53%). In the case of constipation, the spuit [enema] was cited as a particularly effective home treatment method, particularly amongst TMP patients. Approximately 50% of caregivers would access a health care provider as a first resort for coughs. OTC medicines are commonly used for fever (63%), less-so for coughs (37%). Overall, higher SES respondents would be more likely to use over-the-counter (OTC) medicines and less likely than other groups to use home treatments. Shortages of medicines at clinics and caregiver beliefs about the efficacy of medicines affect health-care seeking behaviour. Medicines are not always used as intended or according to instructions and some products such as household detergents may be used medicinally. As well as the need for improving facility-readiness for delivering IMCI (Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses), the patient-provider relationship is instrumental in improving the treatment of childhood illnesses.
Spatial Coverage South Africa
Description Country affiliation: United kingdom
Author Affiliation: Friend-du Preez N ( Department of Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK. Natalie.Friend-duPreez@lshtm.ac.uk)
ISSN 02779536
Educational Role Student ♦ Teacher
Age Range above 22 year
Educational Use Reading ♦ Research ♦ Self Learning
Interactivity Type Expositive
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2013-09-01
Publisher Place Great Britain (UK)
e-ISSN 18735347
Journal Social Science & Medicine
Volume Number 92


Source: WHO-Global Index Medicus