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Author Aksel, Elena ♦ Jones, Jacob L.
Source World Health Organization (WHO)-Global Index Medicus
Content type Text
Publisher Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
File Format HTM / HTML
Language English
Difficulty Level Medium
Subject Domain (in DDC) Natural sciences & mathematics ♦ Chemistry & allied sciences ♦ Life sciences; biology ♦ Physiology & related subjects ♦ Biochemistry ♦ Technology ♦ Medicine & health ♦ Human physiology ♦ Pharmacology and therapeutics ♦ Diseases ♦ Agriculture & related technologies
Subject Domain (in MeSH) Inorganic Chemicals ♦ Chemicals and Drugs ♦ Equipment and Supplies ♦ Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment ♦ Physical Phenomena ♦ Biological Sciences ♦ Technology, Industry, and Agriculture ♦ Technology and Food and Beverages
Subject Keyword Discipline Biotechnology ♦ Barium Compounds ♦ Chemistry ♦ Ceramics ♦ Electrical Equipment And Supplies ♦ Titanium ♦ Bismuth ♦ Niobium ♦ Oxides ♦ Potassium ♦ Sodium ♦ Static Electricity ♦ Journal Article ♦ Research Support, U.s. Gov't, Non-p.h.s. ♦ Review
Abstract Piezoelectrics have widespread use in today's sensor and actuator technologies. However, most commercially available piezoelectric materials, e.g., Pb [Zr(x)Ti(1-x)] O(3) (PZT), are comprised of more than 60 weight percent lead (Pb). Due to its harmful effects, there is a strong impetus to identify new lead-free replacement materials with comparable properties to those of PZT. This review highlights recent developments in several lead-free piezoelectric materials including BaTiO(3), Na(0.5)Bi(0.5)TiO(3), K(0.5)Bi(0.5)TiO(3), Na(0.5)K(0.5)NbO(3), and their solid solutions. The factors that contribute to strong piezoelectric behavior are described and a summary of the properties for the various systems is provided.
Description Country affiliation: United States
Author Affiliation: Aksel E ( Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Florida, 100 Rhines Hall, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA.
Educational Role Student ♦ Teacher
Age Range above 22 year
Educational Use Reading ♦ Research ♦ Self Learning
Interactivity Type Expositive
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2010-01-01
Publisher Place Switzerland
e-ISSN 14248220
Journal Sensors
Volume Number 10
Issue Number 3

Source: WHO-Global Index Medicus