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Author He, Bingjun ♦ Soderlund, David M.
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Language English
Subject Keyword APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES ♦ DEACTIVATION ♦ ELECTRIC POTENTIAL ♦ IN VITRO ♦ INSECTICIDES ♦ KIDNEYS ♦ NERVE CELLS ♦ RATS ♦ SODIUM ♦ STEADY-STATE CONDITIONS ♦ WINDOWS
Abstract We expressed rat Na{sub v}1.6 sodium channels with or without the rat β1 subunit in human embryonic kidney (HEK293) cells and evaluated the effects of the pyrethroid insecticides tefluthrin and deltamethrin on whole-cell sodium currents. In assays with the Na{sub v}1.6 α subunit alone, both pyrethroids prolonged channel inactivation and deactivation and shifted the voltage dependence of channel activation and steady-state inactivation toward hyperpolarization. Maximal shifts in activation were ~ 18 mV for tefluthrin and ~ 24 mV for deltamethrin. These compounds also caused hyperpolarizing shifts of ~ 10–14 mV in the voltage dependence of steady-state inactivation and increased in the fraction of sodium current that was resistant to inactivation. The effects of pyrethroids on the voltage-dependent gating greatly increased the size of sodium window currents compared to unmodified channels; modified channels exhibited increased probability of spontaneous opening at membrane potentials more negative than the normal threshold for channel activation and incomplete channel inactivation. Coexpression of Na{sub v}1.6 with the β1 subunit had no effect on the kinetic behavior of pyrethroid-modified channels but had divergent effects on the voltage-dependent gating of tefluthrin- or deltamethrin-modified channels, increasing the size of tefluthrin-induced window currents but decreasing the size of corresponding deltamethrin-induced currents. Unexpectedly, the β1 subunit did not confer sensitivity to use-dependent channel modification by either tefluthrin or deltamethrin. We conclude from these results that functional reconstitution of channels in vitro requires careful attention to the subunit composition of channel complexes to ensure that channels in vitro are faithful functional and pharmacological models of channels in neurons. - Highlights: • We expressed Na{sub v}1.6 sodium channels with or without β1 subunits in HEK293 cells. • Tefluthrin and deltamethrin shifted channel gating to hyperpolarized potentials. • The β1 subunit had opposite effects on the actions of tefluthrin and deltamethrin. • Auxiliary subunits are required for full reconstitution of channel function. • Channels in HEK293 cells exhibit properties similar to channels in neurons.
ISSN 0041008X
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2016-01-15
Publisher Place United States
Journal Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Volume Number 291


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