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Author Meskine, Hakim ♦ Koenig, Harald ♦ Satpathy, Sashi
Sponsorship (US)
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Publisher The American Physical Society
Language English
Subject Keyword PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS ♦ BOND ANGLE ♦ ELECTRONS ♦ EXCHANGE INTERACTIONS ♦ HAMILTONIANS ♦ JAHN-TELLER EFFECT ♦ ORIENTATION ♦ ORIGIN ♦ PERTURBATION THEORY
Abstract The microscopic origin of the exchange interaction in manganites is studied by solving an electronic model Hamiltonian for the Mn-O-Mn triad. It is shown that the magnetic structure of La{sub 1-x}Ca{sub x}MnO{sub 3} is correctly described within an electronic Hamiltonian model, provided that the appropriate orientation of the Mn(e{sub g}) orbitals induced by the Jahn-Teller effect is taken into account. The Jahn-Teller distortions of the MnO{sub 6} octahedra control the orientation of the e{sub g} orbitals in the crystal, which in turn is shown to determine the sign of the magnetic exchange. Electron hopping involving the Mn(t{sub 2g}) orbitals is found to be important in certain situations, for instance, it can cause a sign change in the exchange interaction, from ferromagnetic to antiferromagnetic, as a function of the Mn-O-Mn bond angle. All our results are obtained by exact diagonalization of the model Hamiltonian, either by direct diagonalization or by diagonalization using the Lanczos method, if the Hamiltonian is too big, and are rationalized using results of the fourth-order perturbation theory. The exchange interactions (signs and magnitudes) of the end members LaMnO{sub 3} and CaMnO{sub 3} as well as of the half-doped compound, La{sub 1/2}Ca{sub 1/2}MnO{sub 3}, are all described correctly within the model.
ISSN 01631829
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2001-09-01
Publisher Place United States
Journal Physical Review B
Volume Number 64
Issue Number 9


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