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Author Granert, Carl ♦ Raud, Johan ♦ Lindquist, Lars ♦ Lindbom, Lennart
Source SpringerLink
Content type Text
Publisher Springer-Verlag
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2002
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Social sciences ♦ Sociology & anthropology
Abstract Inflammatory recruitment of leukocytes into the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) during bacterial meningitis has been shown to contribute to the neurological damage commonly associated with this disease. In this study we tested whether inhibition of firm leukocyte adhesion to vascular endothelium could reduce leukocyte recruitment into the subarachnoid space (SAS) and into the skin in rabbits challenged with pneumococcal cell wall (PCW) antigen. PCW was given either as an intracisternal or an intradermal (i.d.) injection. Intravenous (i.v.) treatment with a monoclonal antibody (mAb), IB4, against the leukocytic adhesion molecule CD18 has previously been documented to attenuate leukocyte CSF accumulation in experimental bacterial meningitis. In the present study, i.v. treatment with anti-CD18 mAbs (IB4) only tended to inhibit CSF leukocyte influx in animals with PCW-induced meningitis. However, if the antigen was injected i.d., treatment i.v. with the same mAb (IB4) dramatically reduced leukocyte accumulation in the skin. Our findings indicate that the mechanisms responsible for PCW-induced inflammatory accumulation of leukocytes in skin and meninges are different.
ISSN 03008584
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2002-04-03
Publisher Place Berlin/Heidelberg
e-ISSN 14321831
Journal Medical Microbiology and Immunology
Volume Number 191
Issue Number 2
Page Count 4
Starting Page 97
Ending Page 100


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Source: SpringerLink